FMA I.A.27 Pulqui
1947
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FMA I.A.27 Pulqui

Designed by Emile Dewoitine, well known in the French aviation industry before World War II, the I.Ae.27 Pulqui (Arrow) was not only the first single-seat fighter to be designed in Argentina; it was also the first turbojet-powered aircraft to be built and flown by the nation. A cantilever low-wing monoplane of all-metal construction, the Pulqui had a conventional tail unit, retractable tricycle landing gear, and accommodation for the pilot well forward on the fuselage beneath a jettisonable canopy. Power was provided by a Rolls-Royce Derwent turbojet mounted in the aft fuselage.

First flown on 9 August 1947, the Pulqui proved disappointing in tests, with performance well below estimates, and further development was abandoned.

3-View 
FMA I.A.27 PulquiA three-view drawing (1663 x 1228)


Specification 
 MODELI.Ae.27
 CREW1
 ENGINE1 x Rolls-Royce Derwent, 1633kg
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight3600 kg7937 lb
    Empty weight2358 kg5199 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan11.25 m37 ft 11 in
    Length9.69 m32 ft 9 in
    Height3.39 m11 ft 1 in
    Wing area19.70 m2212.05 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Max. speed720 km/h447 mph
    Ceiling15500 m50850 ft
    Range900 km559 miles
 ARMAMENT1 x 20mm cannon

Comments
Laur1965, 29.12.2015

The first air reaction engine airplane was "Coanda 1910" designed by Romanian engineer and inventor Henri Coanda. His plane was on display at The Second International Aeronautic Salon in Paris in 1910. It was a "MotorJet" or a "ThermoJet" which similar technical solution was the oject of choice of Caproni and Campini for their airplane "CC2 N-1" later on in '30s-'40s. Since H. Coanda wasn't a pilot, on 16.12.1910 took its plane on the field of Issy-les-Moulineux (next to Paris) solely for the purpose of testing the engine aground. While focused on adjusting the gas lever in the way to reduce the jets of flames coming out of engine's nozzles - and dangerously coming along the airplane's fuselage risking this to catch fire - Coanda didn't noticed that in fact the airplane was heading in very high speed towards the old walls of Paris. To avoid the collision with walls, in the last instance Coanda tried to take-off and after a brief "hop" (with not high enough speed to take-off) he lost the controls and the airplane crashed and burned. Luckily he wasn't strap on its seat (since not being a pilot he did not intended to fly)and was thrown clear from the burning plane. Such way took place the first "flight" of the first jet plane in 1910. With this occasion, based on observation of flames jets coming out of its jet engine, for the next 20 years Henri Coanda studied that phenomenon which later on has been named "Coanda Effect" on its honor.

bill, 21.06.2011

France y Russia, has one before to our country. Thanks to have to us in account in the world of aviation. Receive a hug from Argentina.

, 21.06.2011

FMA I.A.27 Pulqui

Ariel, 08.11.2010

the name of designed its Ing Kurt Tank

Clem Miller, 17.10.2010

Isaac; The Caproni-Compini CC2 (or N-1) is still a reaction powered aircraft, as the piston engine only drove the compressor

Isaac, 17.10.2010

wouldn't the Caproni Campini CC.2 be debatable as being a true jet aerocraft?

Clem Miller, 15.10.2010

Argentina was the 9th nation to fly a reaction powered plane ( Jet plane, if you will, Rocket planes are reaction powered also) They are in order; Germany-1939; Italy-1940; England-1941; USA-1942; Japan-1945; Russia-1945; France-1946; Sweden-1947; Argentina-1947. This taken from "THE JET
AIRCRAFT OF THE WORLD' William Green and Roy Cross 1957

bobby, 12.11.2009

can it be modifide drop bombs?

Carlos, 15.10.2009

Argentina was the 7th nation making a reaction airplane, not the 5th.

Barry, 10.08.2009

I am sorry Fabian, Argentina could possibly be the sixth nation not the fifth. It may possibly stick in your craw but the first jet engine was British and the second flight of an aeroplane powered by such an engine was British. Furthermore the first flights by both the Americans and the French used effectively British engines and I cannot but notice that the Pulqui was in fact powered by a British Rolls Royce Derwent.

Alberto Pagano, 22.07.2009

Affirmative, the name is Pulqui I few years ago FMA create a Pulqui II, much better than the first plane.

Fabian, 23.03.2007

The Pulqui, was a fifth plane to reaction engine in te world. Onli USA, Germany, France y Russia, has one before to our country. Thanks to have to us in account in the world of aviation. Receive a hug from Argentina.

Gerardo Ferrandino, 08.01.2007

Rectification of my last comment. The correct name is PULQUI I.

Gerardo Ferrandino, 08.01.2007

The correct name is PULQUI II Very good museum

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