De Havilland Canada DHC-8 / Bombardier Dash-8 Series 100 / 200 / Q200
1983
Back to the Virtual Aircraft Museum
  PASSENGERVirtual Aircraft Museum / Canada / De Havilland Canada  

De Havilland Canada DHC-8 / Bombardier Dash-8 Series 100 / 200 / Q200

To meet growing demands for a quiet short-range transport in the 30-40 seat category, DH Canada, initiated the design and development of the DHC-8 Dash 8 in 1980, and the aircraft is the company's first transport not optimised for short take-off and landing. The fuselage cargo-loading door is standard, and other features include a retractable tricycle landing gear with twin-wheel units, large-span T-tail, and a high-mounted wing carrying two fuel-efficient Pratt & Whitney PW120 advanced turboprop engines driving large-diameter slow-turning four-bladed propellers ensuring very low noise levels. These engines also have safety features which ensure that if one fails the other automatically increases its output to 1492kW.

The design has since grown into a family of aircraft offering between 36 and 70 seats and the prototype of the 36-seat Series 100 flew for the first time on 20 June 1983. Certification followed in September 1984 and the type went into service with the Canadian airline NorOntair in the following December.

The Series 300, formally launched in March 1986, is stretched by 3.43m, to carry between 50 and 56 passengers depending on the cabin configuration. Wing span is also increased by tip extensions and the first aircraft flew on 15 May 1987. Certification followed in February 1989 and the Series 300 entered airline service with Time Air the same month. Also available is the increased payload Series 300A able to carry 6272kg.

In June 1987, by which time DH Canada had been acquired by Boeing, studies for a further stretched version were underway. Designated the Series 400, and intended to compete with the ATP and ATR72, the 650-km/h 25175-kg 66/70-seat airliner could be flying by 1993, and certificated and delivered before the end of 1994. Powerplants offered for the new variant are the 2948kW free-turbine Allison GMA 2100 and the GE/Lycoming GLC38 advanced turbo-props driving slow-turning six-bladed propellers. A tentative 1990 go-ahead has been suspended awaiting the outcome of the current Aerospatiale/Alenia consortium bid to take over Boeing Canada.

By January 1991 the Dash 8 order book stood at 361 aircraft, comprising 251 Series 100s and 110 Series 300s, with around 230 delivered.

VARIANTS

CC-142: designation of two Series 100s bought by the Canadian. Department of National Defence but operated since March 1987 by the Canadian Forces at Lahr, Germany. o Used as passenger/cargo transports, the aircraft are equipped with long-range fuel tanks, rough field landing gear,, high strength floors and a special-mission-related avionics fit.

CT-142: designation of four Series 100s, acquired by the Canadian DND, and operated as specially configured navigation trainers by the Canadian Forces. Otherwise equipped similarly to the CC-142, the trainers are distinguished by their extended noses.

Dash 8M-100: two specially-equipped Series 100s used by the Canadian Department of Transport to calibrate ILS, VOR and MLS systems at Canadian airports.

Dash 8M-300ASW Triton: designation of a proposed maritime patrol or anti-submarine warfare version of the Series 300 equipped with Harpoon or Exocet-type anti-shipping missiles mounted on lower side fuselage sponson hardpoints, and four underwing pylons, outboard of the engines, capable of carrying missiles, torpedoes, mines, sonobuoys or searchlights. With a full range of ASW sensors including FLIR, MAD and search radar operated by a six-man crew, maximum endurance is over 11 hours .

E-9A: designation of two standard Series 100 aircraft acquired by the US Air Force in 1985 as airborne platforms to perform telemetry and data link duties in connection with drone and missile testing at Tyndall AFB, Florida. Modified by the Sierra Research division of LTV, the E-9A carries a large fuselage fairing containing a steerable phased-array antenna, underfuselage search radar and special avionics. Both aircraft were delivered in 1988.

3-View 
De Havilland Canada DHC-8 / Bombardier Dash-8 Series 100 / 200 / Q200A three-view drawing (1000 x 513)


Specification 
 MODELDash 8 Series 100 / 200 / Q200
 ENGINE2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PW120A turboprops, 1491kW
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight15650 kg34503 lb
    Empty weight9979 kg22000 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan25.91 m85 ft 0 in
    Length22.25 m73 ft 0 in
    Height7.49 m25 ft 7 in
    Wing area54.35 m2585.02 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Cruise speed497 km/h309 mph
    Ceiling7620 m25000 ft
    Range w/max.payload2010 km1249 miles

Comments1-20 21-40
leo lazarue, 09.06.2014

dash 8 is very nice airplane....but for me i dont know if anyone knows this kind of problem. R/H engine does not completely stop when shuts down.needs to power down,electrical power in order for prop to stop spininig?

Ivan, 02.12.2013

need to know the specific fuel consumption

Capt. Marc Fortier, 23.04.2013

What are, in normal conditions, the take-off and landing speeds + the take-off run ?

Thanks

ABDUL, 06.02.2013

AM AN ENGINEER ON IT AND I FLY IN IT,ITS FANTASTIC AND BEAUTIFUL

gebo henao, 24.01.2013

Please could give me wheel spacing on main gear for Dash 8-315 series?

Gebo

RC Craemer, 28.04.2012

Flew the DHC-8 for Henson Airlines - now Piedmont. Over 9000 ours in the left seat. The Dash 8 is a real joy. Built to do the job it does, and it does it very well indeed. Nothing handles ice better with the possible exception of the Lockheed P-3. The Dash8 is seldom flown near the limit of its capabilities in airline work. Just a joy to fly.

David, 15.12.2011

Beautiful aircraft...
Please do you guys train cabin crew on Dash 8 Q300 Series?

Ambrin, 16.08.2011

i want to kno the current market value of this aircraft? please let me know..

volnei, 02.05.2011

A recent study for the Brazilian regions, showed that many cities have no regular airline service, with frequencies and schedules.
There is no commercial interest for this niche. The main companies operating in the country today, are given only to large cities and capitals. Few companies operate in smaller cities, by opting for operare aircraft with 50 seats or above that.
A fleet operated with Dash 8 200/300 aircraft would meet this market perfectly, with one study showed they could be operated more than 150 cities within states and their capitals.
These cities have runways of 1,200 meters, perfectly accessible to Dash 8 fleet. Frequencies and schedules with pre-established, and they could meet the financial return for any investor who wants to serve this niche. Here is a unique opportunity for this ...

volnei, 02.05.2011

A recent study for the Brazilian regions, showed that many cities have no regular airline service, with frequencies and schedules.
There is no commercial interest for this niche. The main companies operating in the country today, are given only to large cities and capitals. Few companies operate in smaller cities, by opting for operare aircraft with 50 seats or above that.
A fleet operated with Dash 8 200/300 aircraft would meet this market perfectly, with one study showed they could be operated more than 150 cities within states and their capitals.
These cities have runways of 1,200 meters, perfectly accessible to Dash 8 fleet. Frequencies and schedules with pre-established, and they could meet the financial return for any investor who wants to serve this niche. Here is a unique opportunity for this ...

volnei gutierrez, 20.04.2011

Working with aircraft here in Brazil. I think the Dash 8 family would fit very well the runways and airports that we have here in our remote areas because not all airports have adequate infrastructure for regular operations. An aircraft operated by the Dash 8 -200 would be welcome. They could schedule a presentation on major airlines or investors to form a new airline aimed at regionalization in Brazil since the country is devoid of this structure and has a very propitious territory this type of operation ...
I would be willing to cooperate in any way possible ...

Rob, 19.10.2010

I am a technician with the 100 series. Our forward main landing gear doors frequently contact the nacelles and cause damage. Is there an amendment to the maximum allowable gap for clearance?

tim, 03.05.2010

Anyone out there got takeoff/landing performance data on the dash 8 100 series ??

Shumu, 13.04.2010

would like to know if it is possible to use for cargo in dry lease basis from next year 1st January.

Bob Lawler, 05.03.2010

I fly in these aircraft all the time as a passenger. Very comfortable, and although not quiet by any means, the drone is not irritating. I am usually asleep before takeoff.

Steve, 07.01.2010

Anyone know the landing gear extension time for a DHC-8 Q-200?
I know there is a maintenance manual out there that has a performance limit with an associated function check that dictates the average acceptable time it should take from landing gear lever activation until you should receive a three green down and locked indication, I just haven't been able to find the manual, page, paragraph, time...

Leo Rudnicki, 19.05.2009

The question of flight safety of the Dash-8 Q400 should be addressed under Bombardier, not De Havilland. the actual decision to stretch the design beyond 50 seats was made during Boeing's period of operation, the only question being how to prevent tail strikes with the long fuselage during rotation. The same calculations are performed by statisticians and accountants when they stretch Family Vans into school buses that aren't real safe in emergency handling. Companies in many fields calculate the difference in cost of correction of a flaw versus compensation for the dead. Just business.

Dave Jackson, 19.05.2009

Here's an interesting article concerning the Dash 8:

http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/1567028/how_safe_is_the_bombardier_dash_8_q400.html?cat=16

TOM, 24.11.2008

dash 8 nice air plane my company operates them in sidan and in the congo that africa .PLS ANyone who know a nice for pw 123 engine training cost 4 training may be?

Blair, 02.11.2008

Would you happen to know the dimensions of the landing gear, ie the outer main wheel dimensions?

1-20 21-40

Do you have any comments about this aircraft ?

Name    E-mail


COMPANY
PROFILE



All the World's Rotorcraft


Virtual Aircraft Museum


All rhe World's Rotorcraft AVIATION TOP 100 - www.avitop.com Avitop.com