Shenyang J-8
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Shenyang J-8

The second indigenous jet fighter to be built and flown in China, the Jian (Fighter) -8, or J-8, was developed by the Shenyang Aircraft Design Institute, initially under the leadership of Huang Zhiqian, from October 1964. Its specification called for Mach=2.2 speed, a 200m/sec climb rate and a range of 1500km on internal fuel. Featuring a thin-section 60 delta wing and employing much MiG technology, the J-8 was powered by two Chengdu WP-7A turbojets (Tumansky R-11s) of 5100kg with afterburning. Following the May 1965 death of Huang Zhiqian, design leadership passed to Wang Nanshou.

Work on two prototypes began early in 1967 at the Shenyang Aircraft Factory (later Shenyang Aircraft Company, or SAC), the first of these flying on 5 July 1969. Development was suspended as a result of the "cultural revolution" and not resumed until 1977, Gu Songfen becoming chief designer in September 1978, and small-scale production being authorised in the following year. Lack of a suitable radar initially restricted the J-8 to a purely diurnal intercept role, armament comprising a twin-barrel 23mm cannon and four Pili (Thunderbolt) PL-2B AAMs. An improved version, the J-81, was meanwhile developed, the first of three prototypes being lost on 25 June 1980 prior to flight test. The second prototype flew on 24 April 1981 and the third followed in October. The J-81 was equipped with Sichuan SR-4 fire control radar, which was also retroactively applied to the J-8 from 1984, and embodied a number of systems changes, small-scale production being authorised on 27 July 1985. Some 70-80 (including J-8s) were expected to have been completed when production terminated in 1988.

Shenyang J-8A three-view drawing (1663 x 1070)

    Take-off weight12700 kg27999 lb
    Wingspan9.34 m31 ft 8 in
    Length20.50 m67 ft 3 in
    Height5.06 m17 ft 7 in
    Wing area42.20 m2454.24 sq ft
    Max. speed2230 km/h1386 mph
    Range2000 km1243 miles

Alberto, 22.04.2014

Yes, the ancestor is MiG Ye-152A not the MiG-21.

steve, 02.08.2012

The true ancestry would seem to be the MiG Ye-152A.

steve, 02.08.2012

The true ancestry would seem to be the MiG Ye-152A.

panzzer, 16.02.2012

It is a variant of Mig-21. The text here did not acknowledge it but most Chinese documentation has. The reason it is not a 100% Mig-21 was that it was supposed to be a licensed Mig'-21 manufactured in China but work on it was halted and the Soviets withdrew all technical support after the break-up in relationship. So the Chinese had to go it alone from there using engines and avionics available and that also means development was longer without Soviet assistance. Except for the airframe lookalike, there's plenty in there that is not the same as the Mig-21 you see in Soviet satellite countries.

Sgt.kar98, 24.10.2011

Ching Kuo wich might be a modified F-16.

, 18.06.2011

Shenyang J-8

Kadesh, 16.02.2011

Look at any "Chinese" plane. You'll find they all look like Soviet planes (with the exception of the AIDC Ching Kou which is taiwanese)

Sid, 25.01.2011

Looks so much like Soviet's Mig-21.

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