The Albacore torpedo-bombing biplane was first flown in prototype form on 12 December 1938. During the spring of 1940 the first production aircraft entered FAA service and for the remainder of that year were flown mainly on coastal patrol, spotter-reconnaissance, minelaying and night-bombing duties. However in the following year Albacores went to sea in HMS Formidable and other carriers and from then were active on convoy protection duties in the Baltic and in anti-submarine and other roles in the Mediterranean and elsewhere.
The Albacore was removed from FAA service in late 1943, having never performed its intended role as a Swordfish replacement. It had a more powerful 794kW Bristol Taurus or 842kW Taurus XII 14-cylinder sleeve-valve air-cooled radial engine in the NACA cowling with leading-edge exhaust collector and trailing-edge controllable gills, enclosed cockpits for the crew of two or three, one forward-firing 7.7mm Browning and two rear-mounted 7.7mm Vickers guns on a Fairey high-speed mounting, and hydraulically operated flaps.
The last Albacores in operational service were those ex-FAA aircraft taken over by the RCAF and used during the Allied advance into Europe from mid-1944. Production totalled 803 aircraft.
| ENGINE||1 x Bristol Taurus XII, 843kW|
| Take-off weight||4745 kg||10461 lb|
| Empty weight||3289 kg||7251 lb|
| Wingspan||15.24 m||50 ft 0 in|
| Length||12.14 m||40 ft 10 in|
| Height||4.32 m||14 ft 2 in|
| Wing area||57.88 m2||623.01 sq ft|
| Max. speed||259 km/h||161 mph|
| Cruise speed||187 km/h||116 mph|
| Ceiling||6310 m||20700 ft|
| Range||1497 km||930 miles|
| ARMAMENT||3 x 7.7mm machine-guns, 1 x 730kg torpedo, 6 x 113kg or 4 x 227kg bombs|
|A three-view drawing (684 x 574)|
A good plane with a very impressive combat record. Also, the Albacore was still being used by the RCAF in 1949, so it did outlast the Swordfish after all.
They were thinking "Swordfish", arguably the most successful and venerable torpedo plane of the war. It would eventually outserve the Albacore, the plane intended to replace it!
First introduced into operational service in 1940, by which time both the Japanese Navy's Nakajima B5N "Kate" and U.S. Navy's Douglas TBD "Devestator" had already been in service FOR SEVERAL YEARS. One cannot help but wonder what their Lordships of the Admiralty could possibly have been thinking of to have sent their young men to war in these obsolete things!
|Graham Swanson, 18.11.2009|
Does anyone know of a book which completely covers the roll of the Albacore in the Western Desert during WW11, particularly that of 821 Squadron? I have W A Harrisons 'Fairey Swordfish and Albacore' which gives just a few lines. I would also like more info on that squadron's operations from Malta later.
|Art Deco, 20.09.2009|
The Albacore pioneered the pathfinder mission in bomber raids by locating targets and dropping flares. Developed in the western desert with Wellington bombers.
|David Munroe, 20.09.2009|
The web-site http://www.hannants.co.uk/search/index.php?CATEGORY=&DIVISION=&MANUFACTURER=&CODE=&TYPE=&SCALE=&KEYWORD=albacore&EXACT=on&NUMPERPAGE=25&order%5B%5D=arrived+desc&order%5B%5D=code+asc has details of kits of this aircraft. Hope this helps.
|German E. Valle, 21.06.2007|
For some reason, i am very interested in to have a model of this plane... but unhappily I could not find any...do you have any info about where do I get one model of this Fairey Albacore.../ I am appreciating your help. German
|Lee M Ward, 26.04.2007|
Its only improvement over the Swordfish was that the cockpit was warmer. Oh yes, the view was better and it had a windscreem wiper!
Do you have any comments about this aircraft ?
FACTS AND FIGURES
© The Taurus engine suffered
reliability problems compared to
the dependable 'Peggy' (Pegasus)
of the Swordfish.
© The cockpit design gave the
pilot a much better view
than on the Swordfish, even
if he was uncomfortably hot
and his gunner frozen.
© Despite its better streamlining, the
Albacore's cruising speed and
range were less than that of the
Swordfish, although the service
ceiling was much higher.
© The Albacore was used for
torpedo attacks, bombing,
flare dropping and training