De Havilland D.H.112 Venom
1949
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De Havilland D.H.112 Venom

The Venom was a straightforward development of the Vampire, designed to accommodate the de Havilland Ghost engine and with aerodynamic refinements enabling it to take full advantage of the increased power. The nacelle and tail assembly were substantially similar to those of the Vampire. However the wings were entirely new, with square tips, very thin section and jettisonable long-range wingtip tanks.

The Venom FB.1 was the first version for the RAF: a day fighter and fighter-bomber with provision for bombs and rockets in addition to the standard four 20 mm Hispano Mk 5 cannon in the nose. The prototype of this version flew for the first time on 2 September 1949. This was followed for the RAF by the Venom NF.2 two-seat night and all-weather fighter; Venom NF.3 development with special combat equipment; and Venom FB.4 with hydraulically operated ailerons and other improvements. Export models of the Venom were also produced, among which the Swedish Air Force received NF.51 (similar to NF.2).

The Sea Venom was a two-seat naval all-weather fighter which evolved from the NF.2. It had folding wings, catapult and arrester gear. The Royal Navy received the F(AW).20; F(AW).21 improved version with special combat equipment and Martin-Baker ejection seats; and the F(AW).23 with a more powerful Ghost 105 engine. Sea Venoms were also operated by the French Navy which built the NF.52 under licence with a Fiat-built Ghost 48 engine and the Royal Australian Navy which received NF.53 (similar toF(AW).21). British-operated Venoms and Sea Venoms were withdrawn from operational service in 1962 and 1960 respectively.

De Havilland D.H.112 Venom


Specification 
 CREW1
 ENGINE1 x DH "Ghost", 23.5kN
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight7150 kg15763 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan12.7 m42 ft 8 in
    Length10.1 m33 ft 2 in
    Height1.9 m6 ft 3 in
    Wing area25.9 m2278.79 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Max. speed920 km/h572 mph
    Ceiling12200 m40050 ft
    Range w/max.fuel1100 km684 miles
 ARMAMENT4 x 20mm cannons, 900kg of bombs or missiles

3-View 
De Havilland D.H.112 VenomA three-view drawing (800 x 721)

Comments
Les Neaves, 09.10.2010

I flew both Vampire and the Venom in the 1950's, with 145 Squadron in Germany. The Venom was supposed to reach 0.94 Mach, I only managed to reach 0.91 Mach and that was after reaching 42,000 Ft, rolling it slowly onto it's back and pulling through into a dive. Even so it was a nice aircraft to fly.

John Daly, 05.03.2010

The Mark 4 was the most delightful aircraft. Splendid stable gun/rocket platform for air to ground and plenty of power (NO Navigator nor radar!) Could loop it at 40,000 ft. Bang seat, power controls. Perfect!

Don Huckle, 14.01.2010

The NF2 was a stopgap all weather fighter rushed into service in spite of Farnborough`s misgivings. It carried the outdated AI Mk10 which came from the Mosquito. It was probably as well because the first time we fired the guns the recoil smashed through the bulkheads and destroyed the radios. When fired after dark the muzzle flash caused the pilot to lose his night vision. Unlike the Sea Venom ejector seats were not fitted

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