The first fighter to be produced by Hawker Engineering
(the successor to Sopwith Aviation), the Woodcock was
designed by Capt B Thomson to meet Specification
25/22 calling for a single-seat night interceptor fighter.
Of wooden construction with fabric skinning, the
Woodcock was a two-bay biplane with variable-camber
flaps and a 358hp Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar II 14-
cylinder radial. Mounting an armament of two 7.7mm Vickers guns, the Woodcock was flown in
1923, but its qualities proved disappointing. Lacking
manoeuvrability, it suffered serious wing flutter and an
ineffectual rudder. Several revisions of the vertical tail
were undertaken, and the Jaguar engine was replaced
by a Bristol Jupiter, but the Woodcock failed to find
favour during Martlesham Heath evaluation. Further
development was discarded in favour of a thoroughgoing
redesign that led to the Woodcock II.
| ENGINE||1 x Bristol Jupiter IV, 283kW|
| Take-off weight||1371 kg||3023 lb|
| Empty weight||945 kg||2083 lb|
| Wingspan||10.57 m||35 ft 8 in|
| Length||7.80 m||26 ft 7 in|
| Height||2.74 m||9 ft 0 in|
| Wing area||33.07 m2||355.96 sq ft|
| Max. speed||230 km/h||143 mph|
| Cruise speed||169 km/h||105 mph|
| ARMAMENT||2 x 7.7mm machine-guns|
|A three-view drawing (1262 x 784)|
The upper photograph shows the Woodcock II.
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