Vickers Vildebeest
1928
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Vickers Vildebeest

The all-metal Vildebeest was adopted by the RAF as a standard torpedo-carrying and bombing biplane and went into service in Mk.I form in 1933. Powered by a 462kW Bristol Pegasus IM3 engine, it was of unusual shape, with the pilot occupying an open cockpit below the leading edge of the upper wing and the observer aft of the wings in a shallower and lower section of the fuselage. A prone bombing position was provided below the pilot's seat. Armament comprised one fixed Vickers gun firing through the propeller and one Lewis gun on a Scarff ring over the back cockpit. The crutch for the 450mm torpedo or bomb rack was under the fuselage between the two legs of the landing gear. The Mk.I was followed into service by the Mks.II to IV, powered by 484kW Pegasus IIM3 and 603kW Bristol Perseus VIII engines. Total production for the RAF was just over 200, about half of which were still operational at the outbreak of World War II. In addition the Vildebeest was adopted by the Spanish Ministry of Marine as a standard torpedo-carrying seaplane and a batch of about 27 were ordered from the Spanish CASA firm, which had acquired a manufacturing licence. These were powered by 443kW Hispano-Suiza 12Nbr engines. Subsequently the RNZAF also acquired more than 30 Vildebeests.

Vickers Vildebeest


Specification 
 MODELVildebeest Mk.IV
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight3856 kg8501 lb
    Empty weight2143 kg4725 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan14.94 m49 ft 0 in
    Length11.48 m38 ft 8 in
    Height4.47 m15 ft 8 in
    Wing area67.63 m2727.96 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Max. speed251 km/h156 mph
    Ceiling5180 m17000 ft
    Range1014 km630 miles
 ARMAMENT2 x 7.7mm machine-guns, 1 x 457mm torpedo or 450kg of bombs

3-View 
Type 286 Vildebeest Mk IVA three-view drawing of Type 286 Vildebeest Mk IV (672 x 600)

Comments
GERALD LEATHAM, 31.01.2013

My father flew these aircraft in W.W.2 in fiji in the R.N.Z.A.F. IN THE EARLIER STAGES of the war

loulou, 20.06.2011

I know there were some in the pacific at the outbreak of the war. Also combat of RNZAF and spanish aircraft would be of interest. Thanks.

, 20.06.2011

Vickers Vildebeest 1928

Ken Gregory, 22.05.2009

I am about to use the three view drawing from whic to draw a 1/12 th. scale plan. From this I will build a 49" wingspan, electric powered model.With the longish nose( for a biplane of that period) it should be easy to balance, and with the large wing area and plenty of drag, should fly in a very scale-like manner.I remember this aeroplane as one of a set of Players Cigarette cards I had as a schoolboy in the 30's.In fact other threads on this aircraft depict that very card!

Old Man, 05.12.2007

The photograph is of a Vildebeest Mk. IV, which had a Perseus engine, instead of the Pegasus of earlier marks, and was fitted with a long-chord cowling for the motor. Two Coastal Command squadrons were still equipped with these at the start of WWII, but were quickly replaced and saw no combat. Vildebeests remained in service at Singapore, and were used in combat against the Japanese in Malaya, and some survivors I believe also in Java, attempting to bomb Japanese troops and landings. They were slaughtered in the air by Japanese fighters. Their principal opponents in Malaya were Oscars, and in Java Zeroes.

The Spanish Vildebeests were fitted with Hispano-Suiza twelve cylinder V motors, and had a very different appearance in consequence. I believe some were employed during the Civil War by the Republicans, but know no details.

Dan, 07.09.2007

The colour picture above is actually a Vickers Vincent, which was the tropical version of the Vildebeest. The engine was left uncowled in order to aid cooling in hot climates.

Damon, 09.05.2007

I was just wondering if the aircraft in the picture is spanish? It looks like it has a different engine from the Vickers manufactured ones. Also I have a 15 year old son who is a terrific aviation artist who loves to paint obscure aircraft and scenes from WW2. Is there any information on the combat careers of the Vildebeest? I know there were some in the pacific at the outbreak of the war. Also combat of RNZAF and spanish aircraft would be of interest. Thanks.

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