Bleriot-SPAD 91
1927
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Bleriot-SPAD 91

The Bleriot SPAD 91 was originally designed to the requirements of the 1926 lightweight fighter specification which called for an armament of two machine guns and a range of 400km. An all-metal fabric-covered single-seat single-bay biplane with wings of equal span and chord, the first prototype, referred to as the Type 91 Leger (Light), was powered by a 500hp Hispano-Suiza HS 12Hb 12-cylinder water-cooled engine with radiators mounted on the main undercarriage legs. Flown for the first time on 23 August 1927, the Type 91 Leger was followed by a second prototype, the Type 91-1, which differed primarily in having a frontal radiator in place of the twin leg-mounted radiators. This second prototype was subsequently fitted with a 500hp HS 12Gb 12-cylinder engine of W configuration as the Type 91-2, flying in this form on 31 August 1928. After demonstrations in Romania and Greece, it was again re-engined as the Type 91-3 with a 420hp Gnome-Rhone Jupiter 9As nine-cylinder air-cooled radial. Early in 1931 it received a 480hp Gnome-Rhone Jupiter 9Ae as the Type 91-5, but was destroyed on 10 May after six hours flying in the latter form. The original Type 91 Leger had meanwhile been fitted with a 500hp HS 12Mb engine and, with various minor modifications, became the Type 91-4, which first flew on 4 July 1930. Rounded wingtips were then applied, the fuselage was lengthened and the tailplane was lowered to the base of the fuselage, flight testing being resumed on 10 November 1931 as the Type 91-6. The tailplane was later restored to its original position, but both the 1926 and subsequent lightweight, or "Jockey", fighter programmes had meanwhile been abandoned and none of the competing designs had been ordered into production.

W.Green, D.Swanborough "The Complete Book of Fighters", 2000

3-View 
Bleriot-SPAD 91A three-view drawing (1657 x 1217)


Specification 
 MODELType 91-1
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight1465 kg3230 lb
    Empty weight1161 kg2560 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan8.65 m28 ft 5 in
    Length6.52 m21 ft 5 in
    Height2.94 m10 ft 8 in
    Wing area20.00 m2215.28 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Max. speed278 km/h173 mph

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