Farman F.60 Goliath
1918
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Farman F.60 Goliath

The two FF.60 bomber prototypes of 1918 heralded the start of a great family of passenger airliners and night bombers which dominated European aviation for the next decade. However the design formula remained fairly constant with equal-span biplane wings and a conventional monoplane-type tail unit. The landing-gear legs had trousered fairings and each supported twin wheels. Immediately above each leg was an engine set in a large nacelle on the lower wing, with minimal clearance between the propeller and the slab-sided fuselage. Bomber versions invariably had gunners' cockpits in the nose and amidships, while the pilot and co-pilot/navigator were seated in tandem in open cockpits. Commercial transport Goliaths had a nose cabin for four passengers and an aft cabin for eight, separated by a raised open cockpit for the two pilots under the leading edge of the upper wing.

About 60 commercial Goliaths were built in several versions with Salmson, Renault, Lorraine, Gnome-Rhone-built Jupiter, Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar and Farman engines, among the most important being those powered by 171.4kW Salmson Z.9 radial engines operated by Air Union. Several flew with other airlines including the Farman airline, and indeed it was this company that started the world's first regular international passenger service, beginning on 22 March 1919 between Paris and Brussels. Of course this had not been the first international passenger service by an airline between European capital cities, this being officially recognised as the Farman flight between Paris and London on 8 February 1919 carrying military personnel. However the latter was not the start of a sustained or civil passenger service and as such does not conflict with the Paris-Brussels "first". Versions operated by the Farman airline included the Renault-powered F.61 and Gnome-Rhone-built Jupiter-powered F.63bis. Six passenger-carrying Goliaths were also built under licence in Czechoslovakia, two going to the air force.

Thirty-six F.60 bombers (with Salmson engines and cut-down noses) served with the French 21 and 22 Regiments d'Aviation and 24 square-nosed Jupiter-powered Goliaths equipped naval escadrilles 6R1, 6B1 and 6B2, following tests with a passenger type. These could be mounted on twin floats (with stabiliser floats under the lower wings) as an alternative to the normal wheel-type landing gear. Russia purchased sufficient F.62s to equip two units which formed the embryo of its new heavy bomber force; Japan and Italy bought a single example each for testing; and Poland acquired 32 F.68 bombers. Export bombers - like the 42 F.63 for the French Army and a large batch of F.65 for the French Navy - each had a 'balcony'-type nose-gunner's cockpit with a 'step' below.

Farman F.60 Goliath


Specification 
 CREW2
 PASSENGERS12
 ENGINE2 x Salmson CM.9, 190kW
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight4870 kg10737 lb
    Empty weight2500 kg5512 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan26.5 m87 ft 11 in
    Length14.3 m47 ft 11 in
    Wing area161.0 m21732.99 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Max. speed130 km/h81 mph
    Cruise speed120 km/h75 mph
    Ceiling4000 m13100 ft
    Range w/max.fuel400 km249 miles

Comments
Kevin Fields, 23.01.2017

Flight Magazine noted that these planes regularly carried 20-25 passengers, and it was rated for 30 passengers seated "in comfort".

harry trevin, 29.01.2015

An aircraft of such dimensions and posibilities,as early as 1918,when WW I,was ending is a real achievement.For many years, passengers in air transport would be four or less.To carry 12,in confort,was sensational.Cheers for Henry Farman.

michael newman, 12.10.2008

Just returned from Paris(yesterday)where a fuselage of this wonderful aircraft was on show in a city air display. Oh, how I would have loved to have a front row seat for a flight on this gem. On the return flight home saw a Singapore Airbus 380...both goliaths!

blahhh, 15.06.2007

you are cool

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