The Luftwaffe's first Chief of Staff, Generalleutnant Walther Wever, was a keen advocate of the long-range stra-o tegic bomber and, largely as a result of his promptings, the RLM's Technische Amt issued a specification for a four-engined heavy bomber of this category. Both Dornier and Junkers completed preliminary studies for such an aircraft, and each received in late 1935 an order for three prototypes under the respective designations Dornier Do 19 and Ju 89.
A mid-wing cantilever monoplane, largely of metal construction, the Do 19 had a rectangular-section fuselage; a tail unit with braced twin fins and rudders mounted on the upper surface of the tail-plane, at approximately mid-span on each side; tailwheel landing gear, with all three units retracting; and powerplant comprising four Bramo 322H-2 radial engines, mounted in nacelles at the wing leading edges. Accommodation was provided for a crew of nine, consisting of pilot, co-pilot/navigator, bomb-aimer, radio operator and five gunners.
The Do 19 V1 prototype flew for the first time on 28 October 1936, but by then an event had occurred which was to bring development of the long-range strategic bombers to an end. On 3 June 1936 Generalleutnant Wever had lost his life in an aircraft crash and his successor, o Generalleutnant Albert Kesselring, concluded that the Luftwaffe's more urgent requirements were increased numbers of fighters and tactical bombers of greater capability. The Do 19 V2, which was almost ready to fly, and the incomplete Do 19 V3 were both scrapped; the Do 19 V1 saw limited use as a military transport following conversion for such a role during 1939.
| ENGINE||4 x BMW "Bramo 322", 480kW|
| Take-off weight||18500 kg||40786 lb|
| Empty weight||11000 kg||24251 lb|
| Wingspan||35.0 m||115 ft 10 in|
| Length||24.5 m||80 ft 5 in|
| Height||5.8 m||19 ft 0 in|
| Wing area||162.0 m2||1743.75 sq ft|
| Max. speed||320-380 km/h||199 - 236 mph|
| Cruise speed||250 km/h||155 mph|
| Ceiling||5500 m||18050 ft|
| Range w/max.fuel||1600 km||994 miles|
Though MG Walther Wever lost his life in a rushed take-off attempt from addressing Air Cadets to making a timely arrival in order to attend a friend's funeral, the import of his Strategic Heavy-Four-Engine Bomber doctrine remained in regulations as Operational Order 16, this regulation being held as active until the close of World War 11.
The lack of the Strategic Bomber in numbers required from what I'd been able to learn of the mission requirements struck me as an historical nexus requiring some investigation. Literature where the questions are addressed directly might be found at:
The Luftwaffe: Creating the Operational Air War, 1918-1940, James S. Corum, 1997 ISBN: 0-7006-0836-2
Heinkel, Ernst. Stormy Life: Memoirs of a Pioneer of the Air Age. New York: Dutton, 1956. Heinkel was no apologist in this text, though as with many texts authored by those on the losing side much is omission. Reconsideration of Goering's mistakes addressed by Hitler in 1943 to Heinkel. I hold to my consideration of Heinkel as the #1 aircraft engineer of the 20th Century.
Reich Minister Albert Speer was very much an eye-witness to the addressing of German Military Aviation failures, his position as Charge of Materials requiring his presence at all meetings regarding Luftwaffe production. Insight into the addressing of the Heavy Bomber in Inside the Third Reich, Speer's journal assembled while he was an Allied prisoner.
Former Luftwaffe Operations Staff menber Paul Deichmann wrote the text referenced below as a thesis for the United States Airforce. Of all reference material easily available on the topic, this one is closest to the bone. Deichmannn was present at all Upper-Level discussion, questioning FM Hermann Goring regarding the maintainance of the Heavy Bomber in inventory. Goring, as with Kesselring, both influenced by Udet, that the light aircraft in mass usage afforded the greatest projection of force Germany could economically muster. The funding for the Do-19 and Ju-89 were terminated on April 29, 1937 on Goerings express order, the success of light bombers at Guernica two days earlier and Japanese success in China with the type.
Goering seemed to have been dazed to the facts as they later fell. War with Russia entailed having to overfly a country with thirteen time zones, the choice target of Soviet Hydro-Electric Power generation requiring more than ol' Hermann had on tap. Of course the USA would jump in, supplying the British, as she had before. Aircraft of heavy construction for maritime assault on the Allied supply line was missing due to inventory failures. Regards
Spearhead for Blitzkrieg 1939-1945, Paul Deichmann ISBN: 10-1853672416
mounted in nacelles at the wing leading edges. Accommodation was provided for a crew of nine, consisting of pilot, co-pilot/navigator, bomb-aimer, radio operator and five gunners.
Dornier Do 19
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