With financial backing from the West German government, VFW-Fokker initiated construction and development of three prototypes of a short-range twin-turbofan civil transport designated VFW 614. The first of these prototypes was flown on 14 July 1971, certification was gained on 23 August 1974 and the first of the production aircraft was flown on 28 April 1975. A cantilever low-wing monoplane with moderately swept wings and tail surfaces, this 40/44-passenger aircraft had an unusual design feature: the installation of its two 32kN thrust Rolls-Royce/SNECMA M45H Mk 501 turbo-fan engines, one pylon-mounted above each wing. With only limited orders for 16 aircraft from Air Alsace (three), Cimber Air (two), Touraine Air Transport (eight) and the Luftwaffe (three), the VFW 614 was uneconomic to build, and production ended in early 1978 after the completion of these aircraft.
| ENGINE||2 x turbo-jet BS/SNECMA M45, 34.3kN|
| Take-off weight||15880 kg||35010 lb|
| Empty weight||9813 kg||21634 lb|
| Wingspan||21.5 m||71 ft 6 in|
| Length||20.6 m||68 ft 7 in|
| Height||7.7 m||25 ft 3 in|
| Wing area||64.0 m2||688.89 sq ft|
| Max. speed||735 km/h||457 mph|
| Range w/max.fuel||2500 km||1553 miles|
| Range w/max.payload||800 km||497 miles|
This aircraft was intended as short-haul airliner for operation out of unimproved airfields in developing countries. It was supposed to replace the venerable Douglas DC-3, many of which were still in use in such places. The unusual position of the engines was intended to prevent damage from sucking in foreign objects while operating out unimproved dirt or grass airfields, and also to keep the landing gear relatively short, so that the fuselage remained close to the ground for easy loading and discharging.
Turbo-fan in text and turbo-jet in spec - should be turbo-fan in both.
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