The original single Bristol Siddeley Orpheus-engined Fiat G91 was designed in accordance with NATO requirements for a standard lightweight tactical strike fighter to equip its forces. The first of three prototypes and 27 pre-production aircraft flew on 9 August 1956. Original production models included the G91R/1 photographic-reconnaissance version (three Vinten 70mm cameras) and similar R/3 and R/4 with armament changes; G91N modified aircraft to evaluate navigational aids; G91T/1 tandem two-seat version for advanced training at tran-sonic speeds, and similar T/3 and T/4 with equipment changes.
The G91Y is a twin-engined development of the G91 based upon the G91T version. Two prototypes were built (the first flying on 27 December 1966) followed by 20 pre-series G91Y for the Italian Air Force. Delivery of the initial series of 35 production aircraft to the Italian Air Force began in September 1971, as single-seat light tactical strike-reconnaissance fighters. Armament comprises two 30mm DEFA cannon and cameras in nose; four underwing attachment points for 450kg bombs, 340kg napalm tanks, 7 X 50mm rocket packs, 28 X 50mm rocket packs or 4 X 127mm rocket containers. G91 are in service with the air forces of the German Federal Republic (G91R/3 and G91T/3 - including R/3 licence-built in Germany), Italy (G91R/1, R/1A, R/1B, G91T/1 and G91Y) and Portugal (G91R/4).
| ENGINE||1 x BS "Orpheus 803", 22.3kN|
| Take-off weight||5200 kg||11464 lb|
| Empty weight||3000 kg||6614 lb|
| Wingspan||8.6 m||28 ft 3 in|
| Length||11.1 m||36 ft 5 in|
| Height||4.5 m||15 ft 9 in|
| Wing area||16.4 m2||176.53 sq ft|
| Max. speed||1020 km/h||634 mph|
| Cruise speed||407 km/h||253 mph|
| Ceiling||12000 m||39350 ft|
| Range w/max.fuel||2300 km||1429 miles|
| Range w/max.payload||700 km||435 miles|
| ARMAMENT||4 x 12.7mm machine-guns or 2 x 30mm cannons|
Although created as a fighter it was a little too slow for the role
The G91Y was powered by two General Electric J85-13A single shaft augmented turbojets each rated at 4080lb thrust with full afterburner, as opposed to the 5000ib thrust of the Orpheus.
|Capt. J. Gonçalves ling_corsai, 12.11.2010|
Hey Ampo, you forgot Portugal. This fighter equipped the PAF for more than 20years. I flew it for four years before the A7.
The Fiat was a very nice aircraft but limited in range and ordnance. Nice cameras on the nose. The R3 had 2X30mm guns, very powerful.
|paul scott, 16.09.2009|
Apologies, it IS here under the 'trainers' mantra - but of a roundabout way of finding it though.
|paul scott, 20.08.2009|
Strange that this website has no listing for 'Aermacchi' who as many of you know produced the excellent MB 326/339 light trainers/aircraft.
This aircraft beat the F-5A freedom fighter in the nato's program for a light fighter.
It was the most important fighter in germay (and in italy) for almost 20 years.
The only problem: no radar. Hawker Hunter and Dassault etendard have no radar, too.
Do you have any comments about this aircraft ?