Aeritalia G-91
1956
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Aeritalia G-91

The original single Bristol Siddeley Orpheus-engined Fiat G91 was designed in accordance with NATO requirements for a standard lightweight tactical strike fighter to equip its forces. The first of three prototypes and 27 pre-production aircraft flew on 9 August 1956. Original production models included the G91R/1 photographic-reconnaissance version (three Vinten 70mm cameras) and similar R/3 and R/4 with armament changes; G91N modified aircraft to evaluate navigational aids; G91T/1 tandem two-seat version for advanced training at tran-sonic speeds, and similar T/3 and T/4 with equipment changes.

The G91Y is a twin-engined development of the G91 based upon the G91T version. Two prototypes were built (the first flying on 27 December 1966) followed by 20 pre-series G91Y for the Italian Air Force. Delivery of the initial series of 35 production aircraft to the Italian Air Force began in September 1971, as single-seat light tactical strike-reconnaissance fighters. Armament comprises two 30mm DEFA cannon and cameras in nose; four underwing attachment points for 450kg bombs, 340kg napalm tanks, 7 X 50mm rocket packs, 28 X 50mm rocket packs or 4 X 127mm rocket containers. G91 are in service with the air forces of the German Federal Republic (G91R/3 and G91T/3 - including R/3 licence-built in Germany), Italy (G91R/1, R/1A, R/1B, G91T/1 and G91Y) and Portugal (G91R/4).

Aeritalia G-91


Specification 
 CREW1
 ENGINE1 x BS "Orpheus 803", 22.3kN
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight5200 kg11464 lb
    Empty weight3000 kg6614 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan8.6 m28 ft 3 in
    Length11.1 m36 ft 5 in
    Height4.5 m15 ft 9 in
    Wing area16.4 m2176.53 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Max. speed1020 km/h634 mph
    Cruise speed407 km/h253 mph
    Ceiling12000 m39350 ft
    Range w/max.fuel2300 km1429 miles
    Range w/max.payload700 km435 miles
 ARMAMENT4 x 12.7mm machine-guns or 2 x 30mm cannons

Comments
bombardier, 24.05.2011

Although created as a fighter it was a little too slow for the role

Barry, 01.12.2010

The G91Y was powered by two General Electric J85-13A single shaft augmented turbojets each rated at 4080lb thrust with full afterburner, as opposed to the 5000ib thrust of the Orpheus.

Capt. J. Gonçalves ling_corsai, 12.11.2010

Hey Ampo, you forgot Portugal. This fighter equipped the PAF for more than 20years. I flew it for four years before the A7.
The Fiat was a very nice aircraft but limited in range and ordnance. Nice cameras on the nose. The R3 had 2X30mm guns, very powerful.

paul scott, 16.09.2009

Apologies, it IS here under the 'trainers' mantra - but of a roundabout way of finding it though.

paul scott, 20.08.2009

Strange that this website has no listing for 'Aermacchi' who as many of you know produced the excellent MB 326/339 light trainers/aircraft.

Ampo, 18.07.2009

This aircraft beat the F-5A freedom fighter in the nato's program for a light fighter.
It was the most important fighter in germay (and in italy) for almost 20 years.

The only problem: no radar. Hawker Hunter and Dassault etendard have no radar, too.

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