Caproni-Stipa
1932
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  RESEARCH AIRCRAFTVirtual Aircraft Museum / Italy / Caproni  

Caproni-Stipa

The principle of ducted fans is well understood now. They require a duct with correct tapering at each end and a low drag but powerful engine at its core. Multiple-bladed propellers, or a fan as on a modern high-bypass turbofan are needed for efficiency. Placing a Tiger Moth engine inside a fat tube doesn't cut it. An Italian government engineer, Luigi Stipa, convinced the Caproni Company to build an aircraft to test his theory that a tubular fuselage gave significant extra thrust to a conventional engine and propeller. The resulting Caproni-Stipa aircraft had a corpulent annular fuselage, which concealed a Gipsy engine and two-bladed propeller. All this achieved was high drag and low noise, although the landing speed was reduced to 68km/h. Performance was otherwise lower than a conventional airframe with the same powerplant.

Caproni-Stipa


Specification 
 CREW2
 ENGINE1 x 120hp de Havilland Gipsy III inline piston engine
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight800 kg1764 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan14.28 m47 ft 10 in
    Length5.88 m19 ft 3 in
    Height3.00 m10 ft 10 in
 PERFORMANCE
    Max. speed131 km/h81 mph

Comments
, 17.06.2011

Venezuela.

Gerardo Laguna, 21.07.2010

Saludos.
Digno de admirar... Yo construyo y vuelo aviones RC, y estos son los modelos que prefiero en honor a los pioneros de la aviacion y como tributo a su obra ademas de la curiosidad por comprobar sus logros.Ya construi y vole un Burnelli cpy3 (donde el fuselaje ayuda a la sustentacion, que genios!!!!) por eso mi siguiente proyecto sera este precioso avion. Felicitaciones.
Gerardo Laguna. Maracay, Venezuela.

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FACTS AND FIGURES

Stipa claimed that the outer fuselage was profiled to generate lift. It was said that this contributed 37% of the total.

The Stipa's pilot and passenger had to sit in cockpits perched atop the fuselage. An inherent flaw in the design is that there is little room for any payload.

Humped surfaces around the cockpits would have seriously impeded the view of pilot and passenger unless they leaned to one side, which would have been essential during take-off and landing.



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