Mitsubishi Ki-18
1935
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Mitsubishi Ki-18

As soon as the Imperial Navy had expressed its satisfaction with the performance of the Ka-14, the Imperial Army placed a contract with Mitsubishi for a modified example, fundamentally similar to the second prototype, for evaluation as the Ki-18. Powered by a Kotobuki 5, like the first Ka-14, the Ki-18 introduced a longer-chord engine cowling, an enlarged rudder and larger main wheels and spats. Tested throughout the autumn and winter of 1935, the Ki-18 carried the standard twin 7.7mm gun armament, but was considered insufficiently agile by conservative Army test pilots, and failed to gain favour. Nevertheless, the Ki-18 encouraged the Army to accept the coming demise of the biplane as a fighter configuration, resulting in the framing of a requirement for what was termed an "advanced fighter".

Mitsubishi Ki-18


Specification 
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight1422 kg3135 lb
    Empty weight1110 kg2447 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan11.00 m36 ft 1 in
    Length7.65 m25 ft 1 in
    Height3.15 m10 ft 4 in
    Wing area17.80 m2191.60 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Max. speed445 km/h277 mph

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