Carrying the NATO reporting name Cock, the An-22 is a very large, long-range heavy transport. It flew for the first time in February 1965, at which time it was the largest transport aircraft in the world. Deliveries to both the Soviet Air Force and Aeroflot were completed during 1974, with the military air transport force (VTA) receiving between 30 and 50 aircraft. The An-22 is used widely in the underdeveloped areas of the northern USSR, Siberia and the Far East. Accommodation is for a crew of five or six, 28-29 passengers in the cabin and freight. Maximum payload is 80 000kg.
In October 1967 an An-22 established 14 payload-to-height records. With a payload of 100,000kg of metal blocks it reached a height of 7,848m, thereby qualifying also for the intermediate records from 35,000kg. Max payload lifted to a height of 2,000m was 104,444.6kg. A take-off run of just over one kilometre was reported; the flight duration was 78 minutes.
In 1972 a further series of ten records for speed with payload were set up by Marina Popovich, wife of the Soviet cosmonaut Pavel Popovich. The aircraft averaged a speed of 593.318km/h around a 2,000km closed circuit with a 50,000kg payload, qualifying also for the intermediate records from 30,000kg. In addition the aircraft averaged a speed of 608.449km/h in a flight two days later around a 1,000km circuit with the same payload. The An-22 also holds three further records for speed with payload over a 5,000km circuit, established in 1974 and 1975.
| ENGINE||4 x turbo prop NK-12MV, 11030 kW|
| Take-off weight||250000 kg||551159 lb|
| Empty weight||116000 kg||255738 lb|
| Wingspan||64.4 m||211 ft 3 in|
| Length||55.5 m||182 ft 1 in|
| Height||17.5 m||57 ft 5 in|
| Wing area||480.0 m2||5166.67 sq ft|
| Max. speed||740 km/h||460 mph|
| Cruise speed||680 km/h||423 mph|
| Ceiling||10000 m||32800 ft|
| Range w/max.fuel||11000 km||6835 miles|
| Range w/max.payload||5000 km||3107 miles|
The Russian Defence Ministry has recently announced an upgrade programme for the remaining 24 An22's still in existence. Eighteen of the model are in long term storage the remaining six are only flown once or twice a year!
The upgrade will see the replacement of the engines and improvements to the flight systems. The biggest problem will be the replacement of the airscrews which have suffered corrosion and fatigue. As they are no longer in production and none are in store the manufacture of new ones will be somewhat onerous. The programme will also include the training of additional aircrew. This 40 year old veteran was due for retirement next year but the upgrade should see them in service until 2020. In theory the work done by the "Antheus" should be done by the An124 "Ruslan" but all the Russian Air Force An124's have been let out to the commercial sector, so much so that they have not flown for the military throughout 2011 or 2012. It seems that Ivan really has embraced capitalism!
Mikael of Finland,
|Xenostrike 06, superflankereva=hotmail.com, 24.07.2009|
WHOA ?! this thing is HUGE...
|Oja Mikael, mikael.oja=kolumbus.fi, 29.06.2007|
After two word ward soon produktion wery big garko plane.
Now this model is wanderfull. I hope that this model flight really long time.I have MiG-25 RBSh and this alsou
Mikael of Finland,
Do you have any comments about this aircraft ?