Bolkhovitinov Bi-1
1942
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Bolkhovitinov Bi-1

Under the direction of Prof. Viktor Bolkhovitinov, with detail design by Aleksandr Bereznyak and Aleksei Isayev (accounting for the BI of the designation), the BI-1 was the first liquid rocket-engined fighter flown in the USSR. A low-wing monoplane, the BI had a Dushkin D-1A rocket engine in the tail, and this was highly temperamental, its volatile fuel mixture of kerosene and nitric acid being not only dangerous to handle, but also causing corrosion of tanks and fuel lines. The BI was flown initially as a glider on 10 September 1941, the first significant powered flight of 3 minutes 9 seconds, being made by the third prototype on 15 May 1942. Work on 50 pre-production aircraft was started, but halted when a prototype dived into the ground on 27 March 1943 during a low-level high-speed run, killing its pilot. The endurance of the BI was inadequate for operational use, but a two-chamber engine developed by Dushkin to overcome this deficiency, with low (cruising) and high (combat) thrust settings was almost double the weight and considered unsuitable. Wind tunnel testing that followed the fatal crash revealed a stability problem that could not be resolved and further development was abandoned. Before this, however, the seventh prototype with a more powerful engine had demonstrated a rate of climb of 4980m per minute.

3-View 
Bolkhovitinov Bi-1A three-view drawing (1647 x 1137)


Specification 
 CREW1
 ENGINE1 x jet Dushkin D-1A, 10.8kN
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight1683 kg3710 lb
    Empty weight958 kg2112 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan6.5 m21 ft 4 in
    Length5.3 m17 ft 5 in
    Height2.1 m7 ft 11 in
    Wing area7.0 m275.35 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Max. speed800 km/h497 mph
 ARMAMENT2 x 20mm machine-guns

Comments
Eric, 22.03.2016

The max speed was 620 mph, not a measly 497.

Pavel, 26.05.2012

Tanino, you're not right. It's BI-1.

Tanino, 26.02.2010

the name of this plane is BL-1 and not Bi-1!!!
please correct the name!!!
see you soon

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