Ilyushin IL-28
1949
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Ilyushin IL-28

The first of three prototypes of the llyushin Il-28 tactical bomber (NATO reporting name 'Beagle') flew on 8 August 1948. Just over a year earlier the Il-2 with four Lyulka TR-1 jets had begun flight testing but proved unsuccessful.

The II-28 is an all-metal shoulder-wing monoplane with a straight wing and swept tail surfaces, and retractable tricycle landing gear, and is powered by two 2270kg thrust Klimov RD-45F turbojets (derived from the Rolls-Royce Nene). The pilot is located under a raised, carefully faired canopy, the navigator's nose station is fully glazed and the rear gunner (who doubles as radio operator) operates a twin cannon II-K6 turret in the tail.

A formation of 25 pre-production Il-28s took part in the 1950 May Day Moscow fly-past, by which time large-scale production had been initiated at several factories. Series aircraft, which entered service with a large number of V-VS bomber regiments, incorporated aerodynamic refinements, Klimov VK-1 provision for detachable wingtip fuel tanks.

The II-28 proved reliable and adaptable and in the early 1950s was supplied to China (which received over 500 and licence-built others), Czechoslovakia and Poland, it was eventually exported to more than 20 countries and remained in first line Soviet service for many years.

llyushin's bureau produced several other bomber prototypes during this period, but none was accepted for production These included two twin-jet swept-wing tactical bombers, the Il-30 of 1951 and the Il-54 of 1954, and the considerably larger Il-46 of 1952 which had a maximum take off weight of 42000kg.

Ilyushin IL-28


Specification 
 CREW3
 ENGINE2 x turbo-jet VK-1, 27kN
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight17700-21200 kg39022 - 46738 lb
    Empty weight12890 kg28418 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan21.5 m71 ft 6 in
    Length17.7 m58 ft 1 in
    Height6.7 m22 ft 0 in
    Wing area60.8 m2654.45 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Max. speed935 km/h581 mph
    Cruise speed800 km/h497 mph
    Ceiling12500 m41000 ft
    Range2260 km1404 miles
 ARMAMENT4 x 23mm machine-guns, 3000kg of bombs

Ilyushin IL-28

Comments
Nikos J. Farsaris, 25.07.2010

As far as I know Albania had the Chinese (H-5) version and not the original (Soviet) one. I have seen its photo on ΠΤΗΣΗ (Flight) magazine taken in-situ by a very reliable reporter for an Albanian Air Force report article in 2008

T.francet, 17.10.2007

One is on display in complete original state at Tirana (AL) Airbase.

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