Development of the Tupolev Tu-22
'Blinder' supersonic bomber/ maritime patrol aircraft began in 1955, under the Tupolev bureau designations Aircraft Yu and Aircraft 105. The rapidly growing capability of Western air defence systems at that period threatened the continued viability of the subsonic Tu-16, and the Tu-22 was designed to make possible the penetration of enemy air space at higher altitude and supersonic speed. Features of the design included a 52°sweep wing with small LERXes, area ruling and the use of rear-mounted Dobrynin engines that avoided the drag and weight penalties of long inlet ducts. The landing gear retracts into typical Tupolev-style trailing-edge pods. First seen publicly in 1961, the Tu-22 has since been built to an estimated total of about 250, of which some 180 were believed to be in service in 1983 with the DA (140) and AV-MF (40). The type has also been supplied in small numbers for service with the Iraqi and Libyan air forces.
| ENGINE||2 x VD-7M, 156.9 kN|
| Take-off weight||84000-92000 kg||185189 - 202826 lb|
| Wingspan||23.8 m||78 ft 1 in|
| Length||40.5 m||133 ft 10 in|
| Height||10.7 m||35 ft 1 in|
| Wing area||162.0 m2||1743.75 sq ft|
| Max. speed||1610 km/h||1000 mph|
| Ceiling||14700 m||48250 ft|
| Range w/max.fuel||5650 km||3511 miles|
| Range w/max.payload||4900 km||3045 miles|
| ARMAMENT||1 x 23mm remote-controlled cannon, 12000kg of bombs or missiles|
|A three-view drawing (1000 x 614)|
|Ta-183 Huckebein, 17.05.2010|
WHAT THE HECK IS THAT!?
|markski, allanfrost1441=btinternet.com, 07.05.2010|
The TU-22 Blinder was a complete turkey of an aircraft. With its terrible view from the pilots cockpit & its poor take off & low speed performance contributed to many accidents. Apparantley it was an handful to even the most accomplished pilots. On the plus side it was extremeley good looking.
|saber, saber-tupolev=hotmail.com, 15.12.2009|
the blinder airplane it the miricle in its time . the design is perfect .the engines was powerfull .I am actually very impresed with this russian airplne . vive soviatic period . I hope I can find some day russian aeronnautics institute to study russian's airplane design
thanks for this site god bless all of yu
Do you have any comments about this aircraft ?
FACTS AND FIGURES
© Cockpir ergonomics were poor and
the aircraft was very tiring to fly,
even with autopilot. Even though
the pilot's seat was offset, the
central windscreen frame blocked
the view during crosswind landing.
© The Tu-22 saw limited Soviet use
over Afghanistan, and export
customers Libya and Iraq used them
in combat, each losing a number to
© The Tu-22 carried up to 450 litres of pure grain alcohol to service its
hydraulic and de-icing systems. The
ground crews, who predictably drank a lot
of it, nicknamed the Tu-22 the 'booze carrier'.
© Although faster, the 'Blinder' was
shorter-ranged and less reliable
than the old Tu-16 'Badger' and
could only carry one Kh-22
missile rather than two.
© Tu-22s were built with a 23mm cannon in the tail, aimed
by a gunner in the forward
fuselage using a TV camera. Later
this was replaced by an electronic