There was little doubt of the load-carrying capability of the C-74 and when, in late 1947, the newly-formed US Air Force decided it needed a heavy strategic cargo transport, discussions between the.USAF and Douglas resulted in development of the C-124 Globemaster II, based on the C-74.
In fact, the prototype YC-124 was basically the fifth C-74 provided with a new, deeper fuselage and strengthened landing gear. Powered by 2610kW R-4360-49 radial engines, it was flown for the first time on 27 November 1949. The type entered production as the C-124A, of which 204 were built, the first of them entering service with the USAF in May 1950. The next, and final, production version was the C-124C, with more-powerful R-4360 engines, weather radar in a distinctive nose radome and, equally useful recognition points, wingtip fairings housing combustion heaters to de-ice the wing and tailplane leading edges and to heat the cabin. C-124C production totalled 243, the last machine being delivered during May 1955.
The fuselage of the Globemaster II had clamshell nose loading doors with an associated built-in loading ramp, an electric hoist amidships which was a carry-over from the C-74, and two overhead cranes (each with a capacity of 7257kg which could traverse the entire length of the 23.47m-long cargo hold. The flight deck, accommodating a crew of five, was mounted high in the nose, over the clamshell doors. When used in a transport role (with two decks installed), the Globemaster II could carry a maximum of 200 fully-equipped troops, or 123 stretcher cases plus 45 ambulatory patients and 15 medical attendants.
Serving with the USAF's Air Materiel Command, Far Eastern Air Force, Military Air Transport Service, Strategic Air Command and Tactical Air Command, and used in conjunction with Douglas C-133s, the Globemaster Us remained in service until replaced by the Lockheed C-5A Galaxy during 1970.
When the Globemaster Is ended their useful, service life; some were acquired by civil cargo operators.
| ENGINE||4 x P+W R-4360-63, 2795kW|
| Take-off weight||84000 kg||185189 lb|
| Wingspan||53.1 m||174 ft 3 in|
| Length||39.8 m||131 ft 7 in|
| Height||14.7 m||48 ft 3 in|
| Wing area||233.0 m2||2507.99 sq ft|
| Cruise speed||520 km/h||323 mph|
| Ceiling||6100 m||20000 ft|
| Range w/max.fuel||6500 km||4039 miles|
| Range w/max.payload||1970 km||1224 miles|
|David Saaks, 02.03.2015|
I flew the C-124 out of Travis AFB from 1963-1967. My first assignment was with the 75th ATS where I flew co-pilot and then upgraded to Aircraft Commander. When the 75th transitioned to the C-141 I opted to go to the 85th ATS where I flew as an instructor pilot and flight examiner. I left the Air Force in 1967 with approximately 3300 hours of flight time, mostly in "Old Shakey" Many wonderful memories of those years.
|Michael Vega, 25.02.2015|
I went to Aircraft Mechanic school Shepard AFB for 43131A school in April 1969. After completing school was assigned to the 61st OMS squadron at Hickam AFB Hawaii. Worked on C-124 in Major Inspection Hanger night shift working Landing gear and flight control cabeling. Remember Jacking Aircraft and doing adjustments and changing braking dics and wheels. Interesting work. Crawling through the wings lubeing cables wasn't much fun..Working flight line was exciting.Watching those R4360's rev up. Only was in 61st for a few months then reassigned C-124's to reserve units. Got assigned to the 619th MASSQ then we worked on every acft stopping at Hickam C-124. C-118, C-121 C-97 C-133 Went to Travis to train on Jets 43151E school then worked on C-141 and C-5A was last acft I worked on before Getting out in Augt 1972. What a experiance Loved my time at Hickam Would love to hear from anyone assighed to 61st or 619th during that time.
|jerry zieman, 11.02.2015|
was at robins 1961 -66.Was on the crew whenwe lost53-10 at Wright Pat due to fire.Don Cook are you still there?
|James C. "Speedy" Wheeler, 02.02.2015|
In Feb. 1956 and fresh out of Tech School I was assigned to the 19th Logistics Support Squadron (LSS) at Kelly AFB and went to work for MSgt William J. Nichols on C-124A number 51-150. I worked here and flew with the aircraft all over the Pacific, Europe, North Africa, the North country (Thule Greenland, Iceland, etc..) until I drew my first overseas assignment to Lajes AB, Azores in April 1960. Flew literally Hundreds of hours as a Flight Mechanic here.
Then on my return from Vietnam in 1967, I was again assigned to the 19th LSS an YES, Nick was again or still here. Nick would pass away about a year after I return and a larger funeral I have never seen.
I have for 50 years said that William J. Nichols (Nick) (CMSGT)retired, was the greatest influence on my later life with his professionalism.
|Deborah Gregory, 24.01.2015|
I am looking for anyone who flew c124's out of Hickam 1958-1962 and who might have flown with my father. His name is Raymond Clark and he was a Major at that time. In particular, I'm looking for anyone connected to an incident on a flight from Hickam to Travis where engines were feathered and cargo was jettisoned in order to make the mainland. He was flight commander on that flight.
He passed away a year ago, but he always said that of all the planes he flew in his 33 years in USAF, starting in WWII and through Korea and Vietnam, the 124 was his favorite.
Thank you to all of you who served.
|Gene Clayton, 14.01.2015|
I was crew chief on the C-124A & the C-124C for 12 years. 1961 to 1972. In 1972 I had one with a GTPU. The only one in our squadron with a GTPU. The C-124A had the old removable engine cowling. The exhaust system was terrible. The exhaust ports were sweated in on the old -20 engines & were bad to blow out. The Ignition system was the high tension ignition system with seven magnetos. I remember when a contract field team changed the engine cowling to the "Orange Peel' A great idea. We would fly from Tinker AFB to Vietnam. 100 hours flying time. We would fly from Hickam to Tinker in 18 hours nonstop. We delivered a big red firetruck to Ascension, Is in the Pacific. We had to remove the upper deck from the cargo section, let the tires on the firetruck half-flat & remove the red rotating light from the firetruck in order for it to fit inside. I practically flew around the world on "Old Shakey" & loved it. Worked my tail off!!
|tom siwek, 13.01.2015|
was also a member of the 61st field transit squadron at hickum and loved every minute of it. worked on 124-c97-and others. still remember the anchor inn right outside the back gate. They Had the best french onion soup I have ever had.
|ira g' briggs, 31.12.2014|
I was a panel flight engineer In old shakey and have over
8000hrs in the air in this aircraft.
and was an instructor of ingineers on C124 aircraft for
|John Walls, 26.12.2014|
how do I get a Picture of radio operator position and equipment
If anyone knew my father, Major George K. Giakovmis,who died in a C-124 Accident on Iwo Jima please contact me.He raced hydroplanes in Japan as well as belonging to model airplane clubs. Based at Tachikawa AFB from 1946-1955 with a short time at Moses Lake,Washington.I would especially like to talk to Mr. Watkins who was a crew chief for the C-124 and was to return to Japan on that fatal flight back but was replaced by another person.Thank you for any information I can get on this.Julie...email@example.com
|James C. "Speedy" Wheeler, 25.11.2014|
Forgot to leave you my email address so here it is:
firstname.lastname@example.org I was in the 19th LOG from Feb. 56 until May 60 and again from Aug. 67 until it was de-activated.
Remember them they were called "Bird Cages" about a dozen would make a load.
|James C. "Speedy" Wheeler, 24.11.2014|
How many of you old 19th LSS folks remember what entire Load for our birds as big as it was, could be hauled out to us in One Pickup Truck and in just One Trip?? SPEEDY
|Ura A. Matthews, 22.11.2014|
Ssgt U.A. Matthews, I was the loadmaster on acft 490258 that went to Nebraska in July 1969 along with L/C Billy Morrison, pilot, Capt Sam Lane, co-pilot, Tsgt E.J.Blanchard, Flight Engineer, and Tsgt R.P. Lloyd, Flight Engineer. When we were on approach, I was sitting in the back scanning the right wing when the pilot said we were going to do a pop-up. I grabbed ahold of the bar that the seats are attached to and held on. We were really "busting up the base" and then we popped up. Old Shakey really shook!!! The inside compartment buffed and expanded over and over until we leveled out and started our approach again. There is a dvd of this event and it is put out by the Military History Archives. We taxied in and stopped engines and I opened the nose doors and lowered the ramps and we proceeded to be greeted by the Governor of Nebraska and the Air Force Commanders and dignitaries. It was quite a day and the weather was great. Now the aircraft is at the muesuem (sp) at Dover. There is a tour video of this aircraft if you go to Google and type in "C-124 In Action" and watch the tour. There are some minor errors but they are forgiven. This plane can not carry 440 combat troops and in the movie Stratigic (sp) Air Command with Jimmy Stewart this aircraft can not carry a 18 wheeler fuel truck and all those troops together. Makes for a long day loading. I got on the C-124 in Aug 1965 after we lost our other acft C-119 which went to Clinton County, OH. When I got on we were hauling troops from Charleston to Travis constantly due to an airline strike. Later we started picking up missions that the C-141's were suppose to do but they were getting thin. I read in a comment up above about hauling AO. Yes, we hauled AO from Travis to Vietnam. I was briefed that I was hauling "automobile parts" and I didn't find out what I was really hauling until I got to Clark and the traffic sergeant looked at my cargo manifest and jumped up and down and wanted to look at my load. I was hauling "bars, rockets, hand grenades, all kind of munitions." When I got back to Travis I reported the one who briefed me with an "OHR" and he was removed.
The ramps are lowered by cables that came off of a hoist and were stowed on each side of the plane by what we called "a closed circuit cable", just to keep the cables from getting tangled during on-load and off-load. @joe schara, the elevator platform measured 88" x 108" and was raised and lowered by two hoist that were on a rail system at the top of the fuselage. I am sure there are photos around somewhere due to when I was at Wake a photographer was taking pictures of me loading an aircraft engine. The aircraft engine container was longer that the opening of the elevator well, so it had to be tilted and you had to make sure you didn't attach the cables at the bottom of the container or it would be flipped upside down and that is not good, so the cables had to be hooked at the top of the container. Seems like the ramp cables were hydralic driven because you opened them while the engines were still running using the hydralic pumps., The hoise up above on the rail used acft power or power generator power, since they were electric. Also, you had to stow the hoist on the rail to the floor so the hoist wouldn't run up and down the rails during take-off and landing. I flew on Old Shaky from Aug 1965 to July 1972. It was fun and I wouldn't trade any of it for the world.
|Bob Archer, 05.11.2014|
Would Bruce Harding please contact me on email@example.com, as I am interested in the accident involving an AAC C-124 at Cape Newingham in 1972. Many thanks
|tom nolan, 10.10.2014|
I had the privilege to have worked on this aircraft as a engine buildup and flight line mechanic from 1968-1970 at Hickam AFB Hawaii. My fondest memories were when opening the (clamshell) cowling doors during the swing shift, and hearing all the exhaust studs roll down. This dictates your workload for the night. We had engine changes down to 3 hours. A record I understand at the time.
C-124 A & C autopilots were functional when they were properly maintained until (at minimum) 1970. The IRAN contract for which I flew acceptance test, required in-flight testing of the autopilot and autopilot approach, which incidentally, was very good. MATS policy, however, (and I flew MATS "Shakeys" for four years)was "do not use the autopilot for approaches" Strange things in those days.
But, it was a great airplane, took me around the world (twice).
|Gene Zutell, 19.07.2014|
In March, 1967, I hitchhiked in a Globemaster from Norton AFB in southern CA to Guam in three days, with overnights in Hawaii and at Wake. The cargo was a Huey chopper. The pilots seat in the Huey was the most comfortable place to sit. So, I may be said that I flew across the Pacific in the Huey. The above listed cruise speed of 323 mph is far higher than the 180 knots (approx.210) that we averaged on that trip.
|Bruce Harding, 18.07.2014|
I was the last loadmaster on the last c-124 in the USAF. I was assigned to the 5041 st in June of 1972. We had two aircraft. There were three uphill runways in Alaska. One way in and one way out. We crashed one at Cape Newingham in the Fall of 72. No one was injured. I was told that for years the station used it as a boat house. The acft was pulled on the side of the runway with the clamshell doors pulled open. There was no aircraft then and now that could do what the C-124 did. We took large outsized cargo (like dump trucks, road graders, etc. and landed on 300 ft uphill runways. Once you were on final approach, there was no go around. You either landed it, or you crashed it. Couldn't out climb the mountains. The C130s could carry the weight, but not the size cargo. I was on C-141s, C130s, C123s, C-47s in my flying career.......but the best and most fun acft was old Shakey. Everyone in the crew wanted to operate the overhead hoists. And of course they did. At 65 below zero......it was all hands on deck to offload and get back to Elmendorf.
We had a small squadron with some excellent people.
Loved my time as the very last loadmaster on the C-124. The last acft flew in 1974 and later disassembled at Elmendorf.
|Dan Lucey, 18.07.2014|
Have been reading and looking for old names from the SAC 2ndSS. I have bragging rites for a couple of things. We left Hickam headed for Travis in Cal. in the oldest C-124 flying. 49-235. With a good tail wind and 3 great maintenance people we logged 8 hours and 15 min. from block out to shut down. the previous time was 8 hr. 30 min. The maint. crew was C/C squeeky McEwen, me Ed Nelson and Jim Mason. Acft Commander was Lt Buck.
since I am writting, I saw that someone had asked about a C-124 nose gear collapse at Clark AB. I was there in the ramp control truck. Cargo 2. I did witness the collapse and called for emer. equip. Not much could be said about a sad situation like that.
Further on my last post . . . thank you for the responses. I am getting the idea that only SAC C-124s were flown without autopilots. Apparently there was a problem with manually disconnecting the autopilot (With changes in temperature the cables expanded and contracted differently than the structure, and occasionally would not actuate to disconnect.) Our fathers who were in Omaha did not want to face that risk in view of the highly classified high-value cargo which we often carried. So . . . the USAF solution: don't bother to fix the problem. Simply remove the autopilots. Corky, can you shed any light on this? Or anybody?
Do you have any comments about this aircraft ?