Seversky 2PA
1937
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Seversky 2PA

Evolved in parallel with the P-35, the 2PA was a two-seat fighter and fighter-bomber with a fundamentally similar airframe and offered with either a similar undercarriage to that of the single-seater as the 2PA-L (Land) or with an amphibious float undercarriage as the 2PA-A (Amphibian). Dubbed "Convoy Fighter" by the manufacturer, the 2PA was powered by a Wright R-1820-G2 or G3 Cyclone nine-cylinder radial engine, the former rated at 1,000hp for take-off and the latter at 875hp. Armament comprised two wing-mounted 7.62mm or 12.7mm Browning guns, one 7.62mm Browning on a flexible mount in the rear cockpit, plus two forward-firing fuselage-mounted 7.62mm or 12.7mm Browning guns. Provision was made for a bomb load of up to 227kg on internal wing racks. Early in 1939, Major Seversky embarked upon a European sales tour in a 2PA-202 or 2PA-BX which was fitted with a 1,100hp Pratt & Whitney R-1830-S3C Twin Wasp. This aircraft was tested at the A&AEE Martlesham Heath, in March 1939, at the instigation of the Air Ministry. One 2PA-A and one 2PA-L were procured by the Soviet Union in March 1938, together with a manufacturing licence, which, in the event, was not to be utilised. Twenty R-1820-G2-powered examples were ordered clandestinely by the Japanese Imperial Navy for use over China as long-range escort fighters. Designated 2PA-B3, these received an armament of two fuselage-mounted 7.62mm machine guns and a similar weapon in the rear cockpit. Assigned the Japanese designation A8V1, the 2PAs were found to possess unacceptable levels of manoeuvrability and climb rate for the escort fighter role and were therefore relegated to reconnaissance missions in Central China, two later being passed to the Asahi Shimbun newspaper group. Fifty-two 2PA-BXs were ordered by Sweden as dive-bombers (the Seversky company having meanwhile become the Republic Aviation Corporation), but only two of these were delivered to Sweden, the remainder being taken over by the USAAC as AT-12 Guardsman advanced trainers.

Seversky 2PA


Specification 
 MODELSEV-2PA with R-1830 engine
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight3474 kg7659 lb
    Empty weight2078 kg4581 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan10.97 m36 ft 0 in
    Length8.20 m27 ft 11 in
    Height2.99 m10 ft 10 in
    Wing area20.44 m2220.01 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Max. speed508 km/h316 mph
    Range3138 km1950 miles

3-View 
Seversky 2PAA three-view drawing (800 x 596)

Comments
Klaatu83, 06.07.2013

This was basically a two-seat fighter version of the P-35. The single-engine two-seat fighter concept, which had been around since World War I, proved to be tactically obsolete and was finally abandoned during the mid 1930s. Seversky sold these aircraft to Japan in an attempt to recoup some of the loss he had incurred in developing it. Nevertheless, Seversky came in for a great deal of criticism for selling these aircraft to the Japanese. It was one of the reasons why he was later ousted from the directorship of his own company, which was then re-named "Republic".

Early in World War II it was widely believed in the U.S. that these airplanes were being manufactured in Japan, and that they were the basis of the famous Zero fighter, neither of which were actually true. Ironically, in fact, the single-seat fighter version of this aircraft, the P-35A, was used by the Army Air Force in the Philippines, where they were shot to pieces by their Japanese opponents.

Hiroyuki Takeuchi, 23.03.2012

The A8V1 (2PA), after withdrawn from front line, were used as hacks and because of their reliability, were affectionately referred to as "Seba-chan" (Seba being the phonetic abbreviation of Seversky and Chan being the Japanese suffix for names indicating affection, usually used for children and young girls).

napo, 20.06.2011

what engine did the P-35s sold to the Japanese have in it. was it Pratt & Whitney R-1830-S3C Twin Wasp

, 20.06.2011

Seversky 2PA
1937

John Lama, 25.06.2008

I think had a Pratt & Whitney R-1830-45 Twin Wasp radial

Eugenie Buchan, 26.05.2007

what engine did the 2_PAs delivered to the Japanese have in it. was it Pratt & Whitney R-1830-S3C Twin Wasp or another?

thanks for an answer
Eugenie buchan
102 St john's Hill
London SW11 1SH

Eugenie Buchan, 26.05.2007

what engine did the P-35s sold to the Japanese have in it. was it Pratt & Whitney R-1830-S3C Twin Wasp?

thanks for an answer
Eugenie buchan
102 St john's Hill
London SW11 1SH

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