Established 1980 by Agusta of Italy and Westland of U.K. (now GKN Westland, q.v.) to develop and manufacture the EH 101 medium multirole helicopter (first flown October 1987); offered in Naval, Utility, SAR, and Civil versions. The Royal Navy is receiving (since 1997) 44 as Merlin HM Mk 1s to replace Sea Kings and the RAF is receiving 22 Merlin HC Mk 3s, while the Italian Navy wants 16 for antisubmarine/ anti-ship, utility, and airborne early warning roles. First Civil variant went to the Tokyo Police in 1998.

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