Created in 1952 from the Mansyu Hikoki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha of Manchuria (q.v.). Began the H-6 bomber program in 1957, initially assembling two Tu-16s from Sovietsupplied components, the first flying in September 1959, but in 1961 this program was transferred to Xi'an (q.v.). Manufactured the H-5 jet bomber from 1966 to the 1980s, based on the Soviet llyushin II-28. Developed and still produces the Y-11 (first flown about 1975) and Y-12 (first flown June 1984) general-purpose transports and Z-9 Haitun twin-turboshaft helicopter as license-produced Eurocopter Dauphin 2. Was pursuing development of a new helicopter in 1999, and is a partner in the Colibri EC 120 B helicopter program . Also produced two prototype (one static) and five production SH-5 anti-submarine amphibians (one civil, tested as a firebomber).

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