Prof. Hugo Junkers built his J1 aircraft in 1915 to exemplify his 1910 patent for a cantilever all-metal wing. Six J 2s were then built, but when J 4 ground-attack biplane was ordered for German Army he was not geared for mass production. Thus, Junkers-Fokker-Werke was formed at Dessau on October 20,1917, with equal shares held by Junkers and Anthony Fokker. Conflicts of personality caused Fokker and Junkers to separate in 1918, and the Junkers re-formed following April as Junkers FlugzeugwerkeAG. (see above).

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