Short Biplane No 1


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Short Biplane No 1

Horace Short began designing his first aircraft, the Short No 1 Biplane, in 1909; a month later he exhibited the uncovered airframe at the first Aero and Motor Show, Olympia, in London. Superficially similar to the Wright Flyer, the No 1 differed substantially in design detail. In November 1909, pioneer aviator Frank McLean made three attempts to fly it at Leysdown, but the machine stalled and was wrecked. A second biplane, built on behalf of J.T.C. Moore-Brabazon, was flown successfully in 1910.

 ENGINE1 x 30hp Bariquand and Marre engine
  Take-off weight545 kg1202 lb
  Wingspan12.20 m40 ft 0 in
  Length7.50 m25 ft 7 in

Peter West, e-mail, 24.11.2021 12:40

The full story of pioneering aviation on Sheppey can be seen at the Eastchurch Aviation Museum, ME12 4AA.


Liz Walker, e-mail, 22.07.2015 13:08

I am the great, great niece of the SHORT BROTHERS and would like to contact anyone who can add to the project we are engaged upon


Les Beard, e-mail, 07.05.2009 02:52

Does anyone know if the airframe / engine survive anywhere?


Mrs Munns, e-mail, 07.10.2008 01:29

I own the property where JTC Moore Brabazon flew, which made him the first resident Englishman to make an officially recognized aeroplane flight in England at Leysdown in 1909 and was also award 1,000 by the Daily Mail for completing a circular flight of 1 mile. For more information please visit my website which is


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