Dassault Super Mystere
|FIGHTER-BOMBER||Virtual Aircraft Museum / France / Dassault|
The first West European aircraft capable of exceeding M=1.0 in level flight to attain quantity production status, the Super-Mystere shared only a common design origin with the Mystere fighter series, being an entirely new type. The first prototype, designated Super- Mystere B1 and powered by a Rolls-Royce Avon RA 7R with an afterburning thrust of 4330kg, was flown on 2 March 1955, and the first of five SNECMA Atar-powered pre-production Super-Mystere B2s followed on 15 May 1956. Production was ordered for the Armee de l'Air, the first series Super-Mystere B2 flying on 26 February 1957, and a total of 180 being built of which 36 were procured by Israel in 1958. The Super- Mystere B2 was powered by an Atar 101G-2 or -3 of 3375kg dry thrust and 4460kg with maximum afterburning. Armament consisted of two 30mm cannon and 35 internally-housed 68mm rockets (the latter being discarded at an early service stage), external loads including two Sidewinder AAMs, two 400-500kg bombs or rocket pods.
Two examples were completed as Super Mystere B4s in 1958, these having Atar 9B engines rated at 6000kg with afterburning. During Israeli service, the Super-Mystere B2s were re-engined with a non-afterburning Pratt & Whitney J52-P-8A turbojet of 4218kg. In 1977, 18 of these aircraft were sold by Israel to Honduras where the last surviving examples were withdrawn from service in 1989.