Polikarpov I-1M-5 (IL-400)


Back to the Virtual Aircraft Museum
  FIGHTERVirtual Aircraft Museum / USSR / Russia / Polikarpov  

Polikarpov I-1M-5 (IL-400)

Working at the former Duks factory (GAZ 1) at Khodinka, Moscow, Nikolai N Polikarpov, assisted by I M Kostkin, designed a conceptually advanced single-seat fighter, the IL-400, which flew on 15 August i923. A cantilever low-wing monoplane of wooden construction powered by a 400hp Liberty water-cooled engine, the IL-400 proved longitudinally unstable and crashed shortly after becoming airborne on its first flight. Extensive redesign, both aerodynamic and structural, resulted in the IL-400b (also to be known as the IL-2), which, flown on 18 July 1924, retained a plywood-covered wooden fuselage mated with an entirely new, shorter span, thinner-section wing with dural ribs and corrugated dural skinning. Armament comprised two 7.62mm machine guns. Following State trials, contracts were placed for eight and then a further 25 of a modified version of the fighter which reverted to all-wood construction. Designated I-1M-5 (and also referred to as the IL-3) and powered by an M-5 engine - the licence-built version of the 400hp Liberty - this completed State tests on 16 March 1926. The series I-1M-5 suffered from low manufacturing standards, however, was seriously overweight and dangerously unstable. It was not, therefore, delivered to service units.

Polikarpov I-1M-5 (IL-400)

  Take-off weight1530 kg3373 lb
  Empty weight1112 kg2452 lb
  Wingspan10.8 m35 ft 5 in
  Length7.75 m25 ft 5 in
  Wing area20.00 m2215.28 sq ft
  Max. speed263 km/h163 mph

Patrick, e-mail, 29.09.2013 17:56

No. In fact could be a real opponent against the Junkers D.I back in the early 1920s.


sanjeet, e-mail, 03.12.2009 11:34

i think this aircraft can fight the stuka juv but it is out dated maybe if someone will design it by using propjet


Do you have any comments?

Name    E-mail


All the World's Rotorcraft

All rhe World's Rotorcraft AVIATION TOP 100 - www.avitop.com Avitop.com