Starting seaplane design in 1928, G. M. Beriev became
the leading designer of Russian waterbased aircraft. Chief
designer of the TsKB seaplane group
in 1930, he was
responsible for the twin-engined MBR-2 flying-boat,
Be-2 reconnaissance seaplane and Be-4 flying-boat.
Beriev design bureau became center of Soviet seaplane
development in 1945, a major flying-boat project being
the twin-jet Be-10. Be-12 twin-turboprop antisubmarine
and reconnaissance amphibian manufactured between
1963 and 1973 and
used widely by Soviet/Russian Navy
until about 1997, when withdrawn; several Be-12s have
been modified for civil uses, including transport and firefighting.
A-40/Be-40 Albatross Mermaid turbofan-powered
search-and-rescue and patrol amphibian, first flown
December 1986 and ordered for the Russian Navy in 1992
but not funded.
Improved search-and-rescue variant
became Be-42, which might eventually join the Russian
Navy with propfan engines (sometimes referred to in the
West as A-45).
A laser-gun test-bed aircraft based on the llyushin II-76
was produced by Beriev and has been flown since 1980s
asA-60, while in 1978
the first flight took place of the Beriev
A-50 MainstayMbome early warning and control aircraft,
also based on II-76 and in Russian operational service since 1984. Beriev Be-3216-passenger twin-turboprop transport
(first flown 1976), similar to earlier Be-30 (first flown
1968), was still to enter
Be-42 (A-40) "Albatros"
production in 1998. Be-102 multipurpose
amphibian designed in 1993 but remained project
in 1998. Be-112 Pelican larger multipurpose amphibian
under consideration for development, while Be-200 twinturbofan
multipurpose amphibian (initially for firefighting)
first flew in 1998. Be-103 six-seat light amphibian, also
suited to cargo carrying, survey and
other roles, first flew
July 1997; has twin piston engines carried on mounts either
side of the rear fuselage. Very heavy lift cargo and passenger
amphibians have been projected as Be-1200 and
Be-2500, possibly to fly next century. Company currently
named Joint Stock Company "Taganrog Aviation Scientific-
Technical Complex named after G.M. Beriev," and now part
of the AVPK Sukhoi organization.