Began aircraft construction during First World War and produced a number of prototypes, the company originally being called Bayerische Flugzeug-Werke. Postwar, when aircraft construction was forbidden under the Treaty of Versailles, became the still-famous Bayerische Motoren- Werke (BMW), building motorcycles, motorcars, and aero engines. Re-formed at Augsberg in 1926, taking over the factory of the former Bayerische Rumpler Werke. Built a number of successful commercial aircraft, including BFW M-20 twelve-seat transport. Willy Messerschmitt joined the company as chief engineer in 1928, evolving the Bf 108 Taifun four-seat cabin monoplane and the Bf 109, without doubt the most famous German aircraft of all time, before the company became Messerschmitt AG (q.v) in July 1938.

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