Professor Hugo Junkers (1859-1935) became enthusiastically interested in aircraft development and worked for several aero-engine manufacturers. Convinced that allmetal structure was the ultimate answer to successful aircraft design, he produced the experimental J1 "Blechesel" (tin donkey) cantilever monoplane
Junkers G 31
G 31
which flew on December 12,1915, giving unexpectedly stable performance. Then teamed briefly with Anthony Fokker (see Junkers-Fokker-Werke). Junkers Flugzeug Werke AG. formed at Dessau April 24,1919, first concentrating on all-metal civilian transports such as F13 four-passenger monoplane (more than 350 built). In 1923 received concession from Soviet government to build aircraft in old Russo-Baltic factory at Fili, near Moscow; established Swedish
Junkers Ju-52/3m
subsidiary, AB Flygindustri, near Malmo, and formed Junkers Motorenbau GmbH for production of aero engines. After death of Hugo Junkers the company became state-owned and, amalgamating with the aeroengine firm, became Junkers Flugzeug und Motorenwerke AG in 1936, then the largest aviation company in the world. For German rearmament program, Junkers built factories in many other parts of Germany,
Junkers Ju-87
and in Czechoslovakia and France.

Major types produced included G24 and G31 airliners of 1925/1926: W33 and W34 cargo transports, used also as trainers by Luftwaffe; the G38 "flying wing"of 1928 (prototype flew November 6,1929; production models carried 34 passengers plus seven crew). Some used as military transports in early stages of Second World War. On October 13,1930 came first
Junkers Ju-88
flight of famous Ju 52 cargo transport. Three-engined Ju 52/3m based on latter used in wide variety of roles before and during Second World War, production totalling more than 4,850. Prewar production continued with Ju 60 and Ju 160 airliners, Ju 86 bomber, transport and trainer, and Ju 87 dive-bomber in many versions. Followed by Ju 88/188/388 family
Junkers Ju 90
Ju 90
of twin-engined bombers. The Ju 90/290/390 family began as four-engined 38/40-seat airliners, converted as heavy transport/reconnaissance types in Second World War. Junkers was among first companies to produce military jet aircraft; two prototypes of its Ju 287 with forwardswept wings were captured by Russians in 1945. After Second World War aircraft production ended, and with absorption of small aero-engine plant by Messerschmitt group in 1975, the Junkers name disappeared entirely.

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All the World's Rotorcraft

Virtual Aircraft Museum

F 13
G23, G24
G 31
W33, W34
G 38
Ju 52/1m
Ju 60
Ju 160
Ju 89
Ju 90
Ju 288
Ju 322
Ju 290
Ju 188
Ju 252
Ju 390
Ju 352
Ju 287
Ju 388
Ju 488