Emil Matthew "Mattie" Laird built his first Model S aircraft in 1919. Commercial activity at Chicago began in 1920 with the Swallow, a redesigned Curtiss JN-4, claimed as first U.S. commercial aircraft. Design sold to Lloyd Stearman's Swallow Aeroplane Manufacturing Company as the New Swallow. Built the first LC (Laird Commercial) 1924. Also designed Super Swallow, an improved New Swallow. Laird concentrated subsequently on custom-built sporting and racing aircraft, such as LC-DW Solution, the only biplane to win the Thomson Trophy. In 1931 Super Solution Jimmy Doolittle set U.S. coast-to-coast records. With same aircraft set record of 293.193mph (471.8kmh) at 1932 National Air Races. Production continued of threeseat Speedwing biplane. Last project was in 1936, redesigning and completing ex-Lawrence Brown racer for Colonel Roscoe Turner, as LTR 14 Meteor.

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