Bristol 175 Britannia
1952
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Bristol 175 Britannia

The Type 175 Britannia, the world's first large turboprop transport aircraft, began as a piston-engined design to meet BOAC's 1947 specification for the MRE (Medium Range Empire) transport to carry 32-36 passengers and be powered by four Bristol Centaurus 662 sleeve-valve engines. The aircraft's size was soon increased and consideration given to the installation of Bristol Proteus turbines or Napier Nomad compound engines.

After some delay, in June 1948 the Ministry of Supply ordered three Centaurus-powered prototypes but stipulated that the second and third should be capable of conversion to Proteus-engined aircraft. When the first prototype emerged in 1952 it was a much bigger aeroplane with accommodation for more than 80 passengers and powered by Proteus 625 engines. First flight was on 16 August 1952. Development trials were prolonged, partly because of engine icing problems, but on 1 February 1957 BOAC began operating Britannia 102 with 2,906kW Proteus 705 and up to 90 seats on its London-Johannesburg services.

A number of versions were developed from the Series 100 aircraft and on 19 December 1957, BOAC began the first turbine-powered North Atlantic service when it put Britannia 312 on the London-New York route. These were 3.12m longer, had accommodation for up to 139 passengers, were powered by 3,070kW Proteus 755 and had a 13,608kg increase in max weight. On the day that BOAC introduced Britannias on the North Atlantic, El Al flew a Britannia 10,328km non-stop from New York to Tel Aviv.

The Britannia was a superb aeroplane but was too late to establish itself before the introduction of turbojet transports; only 85 were built, including 23 Series 250 aircraft for the RAF.

Canadair developed the Britannia design into the military CL-28 Argus and CL-44 Yukon and the CL-44 series of passenger and cargo aircraft.

3-View 
Bristol 175 BritanniaA three-view drawing (800 x 763)


Specification 
 CREW3-9
 PASSENGERS84-139
 ENGINE4 x turbo-prop Brist. "Proteus 765", 3270kW
 WEIGHTS
    Take-off weight83915 kg185002 lb
    Empty weight42230 kg93102 lb
 DIMENSIONS
    Wingspan43.4 m142 ft 5 in
    Length37.9 m124 ft 4 in
    Height11.4 m37 ft 5 in
    Wing area192.7 m22074.20 sq ft
 PERFORMANCE
    Cruise speed652 km/h405 mph
    Ceiling9700 m31800 ft
    Range w/max.fuel8600 km5344 miles
    Range w/max.payload6870 km4269 miles

Comments1-20 21-40 41-60
PAUL HARWOOD BURLISON, 03.12.2017

I had five flights in this beautiful aircraft,two in G-AOVT{DX}with British Eagle and Monarch,67&73,she was the subject of my first ever photograph,my Mother pointed her Kodak camera at her on the apron in Pisa and click,ive still got this superb photo,she was named "ajax"magic.

keith moody, 12.05.2017

for sailor Chris Howell. artical Brit. to Singapore. if you flew thie Eagle way your route would have been at that time through Kuwait-Columbo-Singapore not Abadan. with military personnel on board we were not allowed to fly into just any country, only those England had agrements with. your flight would have been like 131/64 or the last number could be a bit lower. hope this helps keith moody ex Training Steward. British Eagle.
also for Lester Stenner, I was with Donaldson1s from the day it was registered to 1973. both G-APNB and G-APNA flew with this airline. but i do not remember your father?
Eagle flew a couple of aircraft to Ghana around 1961-1963.

SID ANNING, 09.03.2017

I remember flying out from Stansted on a Bristol Britannia on December 8th 1961 to join HMS Cavalier at Singapore. All I know was, it was a freezing night and when we got to Stansted by coach all there was was a little Nissan Hut selling Coffees etc. All the crew had their winter clothing on, and I would be happy if someone would tell me what the airline was? But anyhow, the flight took a life time to reach Singapore and someone wrote on here about being 29 hours and I think that must have been about right. We went to Instanbul first and we still had our overcoats on when they opened the doors, boy was it hot. Then we flew on to Bombay for another stop before touching down in Singapore at long last. Like someone said on here, the smell was awful and nearly made me sick. Then on the way to the Dockyard I saw Matelots eating off these filthy food carts - a few days later I was doing the same. Happy memories of a very fine aircraft.

Frank, 29.01.2017

Asking about the route from UK to Changi. In the RAF I was posted to British North Borne. We went with Army wives and their kids. Spent the night at Istanbul, in the airport, then left for Bombay. Took off but turned back with an engine on fire. Three nights later took off for RAF Changi. Never forget the smell as we crossed the Bombay river and the cardboard shanties and beggers

brenda mobleybrenda, 12.12.2016

I flew out to Singapore in 1963 from Stansted Airport to join my navy husband who was already out there. I had two little children with me, we stopped at Istanbul then Bombay, it was a very long flight something like 29 hours, it was a nightmare trying to keep the little one amused but worth it in the end to see my beloved husband when we landed

RAY, 14.07.2016

Hi Steve Mercer,IN ANSWER TO YOUR QUESTION POSTED IN MARCH THIS YEAR, I FLEW ON A RAF BRITTANIA FROM RAF LYNEHAM IN JUNE 1964 TO RAF CHANGI SINGAPORE. THE ROUTE WE TOOK WAS VIA EL ADEM, ADEN, GAN AND FINALLY SINGAPORE. WE STOPPED AT EACH OF THOSE LOCATIONS AND I THINK THE TOTAL FLYING TIME WAS SOMETHING LIKE 36 HRS. I FLEW BACK FROM SINGAPORE IN DEC 1966 ON A RAF VC 10 WHICH WAS SHEER LUXURY AND THE JOURNEY WAS DONE IN A FRACTION OF THE TIME IT TOOK US WHEN WE FLEW OUT. THE BRITTANIA WAS A WONDERFUL AIRCRAFT THOUGH. WHILST WORKING ON THE AIRFIELD AT CHANGI YOU COULD ALWAYS KNOW WHEN THE BRITTANIA WAS COMING IN TO LAND BY THE WONDERFUL SOUND OF ITS ENGINE PROPELLERS IN REVERSE THRUST JUST BEFORE TOUCH DOWN... HAPPY HAPPY MEMORIES.

John Heale, 26.03.2016

Hi Steve, not sure if you have the info you are looking for. I flew as an F.O on the Brit on these sectors. If you still need the details let me know and I will dig out some old log books. Cheers, John Heale

Steve Mercer, 21.03.2016

Hi, I flew to Singapore in 1963 in one and back to UK in 1966.I was hoping if someone may be able to answer some questions for me?
What the route was both ways. approximate times for the legs and whether it would have been Military or Civilian. My Father was in the Army and we were travelling over to meet him.

Any info would be appreciated.
Thanks

franklin scott, 30.11.2015

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Jorge O. Moreno, 29.11.2015

I was a crew member and flown the Cubana Bristol Britannia for some years from 1980-1982. Was a great aircraft on spite of the years of explotation and lacks of some spares flew to many countries in Europe from La Habana. One of the great history of Cubana Britannia´s was the air bridge from Havana to Luanda during the Angola War in 1975

Carl LeBon (Tyler), 19.11.2015

I remember coming to Australia in June 1966 from London -Abadan-Colombo-Singapore-Darwin-Essendon in one of these and yet can find very little information about it

Sean Haffey, 28.10.2015

Can anyone give me details of routes flown by the Britannia from London to southern Africa (Salisbury in Rhodesia or Johannesburg)?

Colin Duggan, 13.08.2015

My father was a flight engineer on Britannias with Monarch before converting to the 720B with them. He always said how good they were. I believe the one they have static at IWM Duxford was one he did a huge number of hours on.

Andrew Truscott, 04.08.2015

First flew when Monarch started ops in 1967-1968 from Luton to Barcelonathink it took 2hrs 40mins clear all the way, after one flight I became a huge fan and the following year as well.The year after they discontinued the Brittania for the 720B, a great pity.

P Sergeant, 03.01.2015

Flew on these at RAF Lyneham, I think 47 squadron but not sure 1960s. Always remember that the seats faced rearward for the passengers, in the event of a crash being safer for survival, something british airliners never did. Lovely aircraft a treat to fly in. I have some pics somewhere. Remember all were named aircraft something like Arcturus or similar

Bill Webb, 21.12.2014

My first ever flight was in January 1960 on board a Britannia charter flight out of the RAF Katanayeke Ceylon.
We had just closed down the station and handed over to Ceylon Air Force. We took off at a temperature of 104F and landed at Gatwick with ice and snow. We had engine trouble all the way and after climbing to altitude out of Istanbul we descended on 3 all the way to England where we were diverted from Heathrow to Gatwick (in case we made a mess on the runway?) Never the less we always felt the Britannias were a good solid aircraft. My last flight on one was in 1972 Akrotiri to Lyneham.

MC, 26.09.2014

One of the great joys of my life was to fly on one of Caledonian's Britannia’s in 1965 between JFK and Prestwick. I was very young and had flown twice before on 707's. But the magic of flying on the Brit was an experience that never left me.

Chris Howell, 28.08.2014

My first flight, I was a Royal Navy rating, I flew to Singapore on a British Eagle Britannia on Sunday 20th February 1966 (wish I could find the flight number) via Abadan, Colombo and landed at Paya Lebar Airport, Singapore something like 23 hours later. It was cold and drizzly on take-off at Heathrow, and very hot and sticky on arrival - you could smell the jungle. A good flight (if you forget the screaming babies!) and the crew could not do enough to make our journey more comfortable. Long live the name of British Eagle.

m.evans, 26.08.2014

remmember my second flight ever was in the brit .i think its the duxford aircraft , monarch were operating it i flew from clermont ferrand to luton , amazing aircraft even at the end of its service life the aircraft was class

Bob, 29.03.2014

My first ever flight from USA to England was on a Britania in 1959. It was a wonderful experience and I can vividly recall my first glimpse of dawn on the horizon and my first view of English soil in the early morning. The flight and the whole experience were obviously memorable.

1-20 21-40 41-60

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