In April 1941, at the instigation of Captain (later Admiral) Marc Mitscher,
the Navy began work on a glider for assaulting enemy beaches carrying
squads of Marines.
The basic design worked out by the Bureau of Aeronautics was then
handed over to industry for building. The first was built by the Bristol
Aeronautical Company as the XLRQ-1, followed by two from the Allied
Aviation Corporation as the XLRA-1 and -2. The low-set wing supported the
glider in the water, and tow-planes used in tests were amphibians such as the
J2F-5 Duck and PBY-5A. Although the XLRA-11-2 was theoretically ideal
for recapturing islands captured by the Japanese in the first months of the
Pacific War, actual combat experience showed the strength of beach defences
and the vulnerability of even armoured landing craft and amphibious vehicles
during opposed invasions. In 1942 orders for 100 XLRA-2s were cancelled as
was that for a 22-seat twin-hulled transport glider.
| Wingspan||21.95 m||72 ft 0 in|
| Length||12.19 m||40 ft 0 in|
| Height||3.73 m||12 ft 3 in|
| Max. speed||210 km/h||130 mph|
|richard l. taylor, 28.06.2017|
Looks like a well-done aircraft...I would like to have a photo for possible use in a post for my blog "The Elder Aviator."
|Erich Ferrell Figley, 01.09.2010|
The XLRQ-1 taking off in the first photo was piloted by my late father Colonel Richard E. Figley. In January of 1942 my father was assigned as Commanding Officer, Headquarters and Service Squadron and Group Engineering Officer of Marine Glider Group 71 where he designed and constructed equipment for glider training operations.
In July 1942 my father was transferred to the Naval Aircraft Factory, Navy Yard, Philadelphia. During the twenty – five months my father was at this station he served as test pilot and Officer in Charge of “Project George”, testing gliders, towing aircraft and related equipment. My father conducted acceptance tests of 14 types of gliders, including Army, Navy and British designs. He also operated an experimental glider air-cargo line between Norfolk, Virginia and Miami, Florida, to determine the feasibility of gliders in air transport service.
|Peter Mason, 07.03.2008|
I have an original photograph of what appears to be the prototype(no fuselage windows.) Would you like me to email a pic.? please let me know the email address.
Do you have any comments about this aircraft ?
FACTS AND FIGURES
© In the US Navy's system, XLR
stood for Experimental (X)
Transport (R) Glider (L). Q
was the designator for the
Bristol Aeronautical Company
and A stood for the Allied
© There were two versions of the
Allied glider. The XLRA-1 was
similar to die XLRQ-1 with a
dual centre wheel and wingtip
skids for land use and the XLRA-
2 had a jertisonable two-wheeled
undercarriage so it could take off
from land and alight on water.
© The wing was called a 'float
wing', as it combined both
these functions without the
need for additional wingtip
floats. The hull design was of
the two step planing type.
© Construction was mainly
wood with the fuselage and
wing skins made of
Companies who built
gliders for the Navy
included light aircraft
makers and manufacturers
of library shelves.